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MVCC’s history begins in December 1943, with a report by the Board of Regents entitled The Regents Plan for Postwar Education in the State of New York. The Regents recommended the creation of a network of post-secondary institutions that would be “charged with the multiple tasks of combining technical training with general education.”

March 30, 1946 – Legislature authorized establishment of five temporary Institutes of Applied Arts & Sciences. Benjamin Feinberg of Plattsburgh was chairman of the State’s Technical Institute Board.

April 4, 1946 - Governor Dewey signed the Feinberg bill providing for the establishment, on an experimental basis, of five technical institutes to be operated entirely at State expense for five years. (The Institute was part of Chapter 433, Article 40-B.) The institutes were to be in New York City (Brooklyn), Binghamton, White Plains, Utica and Buffalo. (Longstanding public two-year schools were already in place at Farmingdale, Cobleskill, Delhi, Canton, Morrisville, Alfred The bill carried an aggregate appropriation of $3 million. Under the plan advanced originally by the Board of Regents, twenty institutes were proposed, to be operated at an estimated cost of $40 million. “The program embraced in this measure,” said Governor Dewey, “will serve two very important purposes. The first is to explore the desirability of the type of post-high school education comprehended by the technical institute concept, which is to provide terminal sub-professional training for two-year periods for young people who expect to go into industry and commerce. The second great purpose to be accomplished will be to increase the education facilities for returning veterans and their younger sisters and brothers who did not go to war but who find themselves excluded from other schools by reason of the very justifiable preference of enrollment for veterans.” (New York Times)

Whether the institutes here and elsewhere would be continued beyond the initial five-year period would depend upon the verdict of a state technical institutes board and the Legislature. The board was to make periodic inspections, study and analyze the curricula, and make annual reports to the Governor and the Legislature. In their final report five years later, the board was to make recommendations as to whether any or all of the institutes should be set up on a permanent basis, and whether additional institutes would be needed.

(Utica Newspapers, undated) – “Day School Site, Rhoads Sought for Institute – The former Utica Country Day School and Rhoads General Hospital will house the new Utica Institute of Applied Sciences, if negotiations set in motion yesterday by the board of trustees are successful.
Five-year leases of the entire Day School property, and a portion of Rhoads will be sought by a committee named at the initial meeting of the trustees yesterday in the Fort Schuyler Club here. Meanwhile, another committee will interview applicants for the $5,472-a-year position of director of the institute.
The plan is to set up the Institute’s Division of Retail Business Management in the Day School, and the Industrial-Technical Division at Rhoads in time to receive the first classes Oct. 1.
A proposed curriculum covering all major fields of retailing already has been drafted for the retail division. Content of the industrial-technical courses was not decided upon although general sentiment among the trustees favors emphasis on three major fields: Textiles, metals and electricity.
Two-year courses above the high school level would be offered by each division, with preference given high school graduate veterans. While the trustees have set 300 as the maximum ‘in residence’ enrollment for the retail division, and 200 as the maximum for the industrial technical division, the initial class of embryo retailers will be limited to 180 to 190 students, and the first class in the industrial-technical division to 120 to 130.
More than 180 applications already have been received from students wishing to study retail management. That division of the institute will draw its students from all over upstate New York, whereas the industrial-technical division is intended primarily to serve only this region. In other areas of the state, those fields will be served by similar institutes being established in Buffalo, Binghamton, White Plains and New York City….
Frederic W. Roedel, chairman of the board, appointed Trustees Vernon R. Evans of Utica, John C. Watson of Albany and Winthrop Kent of Buffalo to interview the applicants (for the position of director).
Other key personnel will include a director of extension courses and registrar at a starting salary of $4,484 a year, department head at $4,484, senior instructor at $4,130, instructor at $3,416, and a junior instructor at $2,440.”

(September 19, 1946, New York Herald Tribune via Associated Press) – “New York Educational Heads Pioneering With 2-Year Course in Retail Management – Albany- New York, already pioneering the first state school for industrial and labor relations, inaugurates another educational experiment this Fall – a state-operated institution with a two-year, post-high school course in retail management.
The course will be offered at the Utica Institute of Applied Arts and Sciences, one of five state technical institutes to be opened on a five-year, experimental basis.
Veterans get admission preference. The Legislature has fixed an enrollment maximum of 500 at Utica. Tuition is free to state residences and $300 to out-of-state students. The Institute, which is co-educational, is scheduled to open October 1.
The curriculum includes all phases of retailing. It not only will teach fundamental mechanics and techniques but courses in specialized adjuncts such as communications skills, public speaking, public and employee-employer relations, advertising, economics and financing, government and citizenship and community responsibilities.
There will be ‘some general education,’ including basic English, but emphasis will be on merchandising and selling.
Paul B. Richardson, director of the Utica school, says graduates will be prepared to enter the retail trades as employees on a higher proficiency level, thus being in a position to command better salaries, or go into business for themselves.
A graduate desiring to establish his own business, Richardson adds, will have had instructions on how to raise capital, maintain business records, handle advertising and displays and maintain good business relations with his employees and the consumer-public.
Eventual establishment of extension courses, in the form of 10 or 15 hour weekly seminars conducted by itinerant instructors are contemplated for next Spring. They will be designed primarily to offer supervisory training for owners and managers in the retail field.
Richardson expects that the Institute will be able to interest various retail trade associations in providing scholarships and subsistence for selected personnel.
Richardson, supervisor of the State Education Department’s Bureau of Business Education for the past five years, says the Utica school is the first of its kind, at its level, to be operated by a state….
The 1945 Legislature authorized five institutes and appropriated $3,000,000 for their establishment at Utica, Buffalo, Binghamton, White Plains and New York City with an enrollment capacity of 4,500 full-time students and 9,000 parttime.
Governor Dewey, approving the measure, said the program would:
(1.) ‘Explore the desirability of the type of post-high school education comprehended by the technical institute concept, which is to provide terminal sub-professional training for two-year periods for young people who expect to go into industry and commerce,’ and
(2.) ‘Increase educational facilities for veterans and those ‘who find themselves excluded from other schools by reason of the very justifiable preference in enrollment for veterans.’
The Legislature specified that the Utica Institute have a division solely for technical study and training in retail business management. The school will also have courses in mechanical, electrical and textile technology.
The other institutes will offer industrial and technical courses.
Registrants must be high school graduates but eventually, Richardson says, special students, who are not high school graduates, will be admitted. They will not be eligible for the two-year diplomas.
The Utica school will be house in the former Country Day School in suburban New Hartford. Non-retailing classes probably will be conducted at the Army’s former Rhoads General Hospital. Richardson expects about 60 per cent of the enrollment to be in retailing.
The school will operate on a quarterly basis and students will spend one quarter on actual jobs in various retailing businesses throughout the state. Classes will run six hours daily, Monday through Friday.
First year studies will be general in each of the four major courses. Real specialization will come during the second year.
The retailing course will be split into general merchandising, ranging from department and specialty (apparel) stores to gasoline service stations; food merchandising, including grocery, meat and delicatessen stores; furniture and home furnishings, and hardware and jewelry.
Richardson, a retail executive for 12 years with various Washington, D.C. and metropolitan New York firms, says students with actual experience in a particular field will find instruction flexible enough to allow for the benefits of the practical work….
Whether the institutes here and elsewhere will be continued beyond the initial five-year period will depend upon the verdict of a state technical institutes board and the Legislature. The board will make periodic inspections, study and analyze the curricula and make annual reports to the Governor and the Legislature. In their final report five years hence, this board will make recommendations as to whether any or all of the institutes should be set up on a permanent basis, and whether additional institutes are needed…..””
(Story also ran in other papers, with different deadlines, such as the Poughkeepsie New Yorker, Auburn Citizen Advertiser, Elmira Star-Gazette, Schenectady Union-Times)
Prior to opening, the former County Day School was completely redecorated. It was painted, a new roof put on, lawns landscaped, driveways recovered, athletic field mowed. A cafeteria was planned, but kitchen equipment had not yet been acquired.
October 14, 1946 – The forerunner of MVCC opened as the New York State Institute of Applied Arts & Sciences at Utica, with 53 students, all in Retail Business Management, and 11 faculty members. Registration was held on the 14th, with the first classes on October 15th. (According to a Daily Press article of October 15th, 50 actually registered on the 14th. Among them were William Feldman, 1414 Hickock, Syracuse, and Rosemary O’Mahoney, 2236 Douglas Crescent. An October 16th Daily Press article reported a firt-day enrollment of 53). Tuition was free for New York State residents, $300 for out-of-state students. The location was the Utica Country Day School, Genesee Street, New Hartford, on the present site (2005) of the Wedgewood Apartments. The site was at the corner of Genesee Street and Golf Avenue (Golf Avenue probably was related to Yahnundasis Golf & Country Club located nearby.) The empty Country Day School, closed three years earlier, was owned by Utica Mutual Insurance Company, which made it available for the Institute. The Institute was part of a State educational experiment established after World War II, designed to provide job training for returning military veterans. There were four other institutes, in New York City, Buffalo, Binghamton and White Plains. The Institute in Utica was the first to open, and was overseen by a director (not president), Paul B. Richardson, appointed only about a month before the school opened. More than two-thirds of the original students were military veterans. (By 1951 this had dropped to 6%.) Applications were being accepted from across New York State, not only from Oneida County.

The Trustees were anxious to be the first of the five to actually open, but found that it was “barely possible to put the building in condition for use, and to purchase suitable furniture,” according to President Emeritus Albert V. Payne years later. “In fact,” he said, “some faculty spent the weekend before the students arrived uncrating furniture and putting it in place.”

(In a 30th anniversary article in the Syracuse Herald-American, April 17, 1977, Vito Bevevino, a first-day student, remembered that there was not a lot of furniture on opening day, and desks had to be moved from class to class. When new desks finally arrived, students helped put them in the classrooms and stencil numbers of them. )

(Also in 1946, Governor Dewey appointed a temporary commission to study the need for a State University. Owen D. Young was Chairman.)

Because the first program was in Retail Business Management, the Board Chairman in the early years was in the retailing business, and minutes of early board meetings referred to the school as the Retail Institute. The retail program was intended to draw students from throughout New York State (Except metropolitan New York City, which would have its own retail courses), while technical programs were to serve the local area.

(There was also a Mohawk College in Utica – a separate institution)

Original Employees

Among the earliest employees: Willard J. Sauter taught in the Retail Business Management on opening day in October 1946. Other first day employees: Ralph G. Hoag, registrar and assistant director, Harold Burdick, department head, Leonard Schwartz, department head, Robert Henry, William Chamberlain, Kenneth Doran, Seymour Eskow and Albert Payne, instructors.
Charles A. Higgerson, Professor of Mechanical Technology, joined the faculty in January 1947. Roy L. Mitchell, who became head of the General Education Department, joined the faculty in January 1947. Charles E. Schmidt, Professor of Business, joined the faculty in January 1947. Lawrence Griswold joined the staff in June 1947 as principal account clerk, later becoming Bursar. Pauline Ryan, Business Department, joined the faculty in July 1947. Ralph R. Pryputniewicz, Building Superintendent, joined the staff in December 1947.

Starting salaries: Director: $5,472, with annual increments of $250, to a maximum of $6,412. Director of Extension Courses & Registrar: $4,484. Department Heads: $4,484. Senior Instructor: $4,130. Instructor: $3,416. Junior Instructor: $2,440.

In the early days, the college entered new classes every three months in order the facilities might be used most efficiently.

(Utica Daily Press via AP, Feb 22, 1947) – “Albany Gets Assurance 9 Rhoads Buildings Earmarked for Institute – Assurance that nine buildings formerly part of Rhoads Hospital, Utica, have been earmarked for use of the Utica Institute of Applied Arts and Sciences was received here yesterday.
The assurance removes the principal bottleneck in the proposed expansion of the Utica school, which now plans to go ahead as quickly as machinery can be obtained in setting up mechanical, electrical and textile courses for a maximum of 200 students.
Meanwhile the retail training branch in the former Utica Country Day School will increase its enrollment toward a maximum of 300.
It was also indicated by Harold Jarvie, director of the statewide program, that the school may waive its priority to the Rhoades structures in favor of Mohawk College if facilities for the technical training can be found in downtown Utica.
In that event, Mohawk College would take over nine buildings – five connected wards that were never used for that purpose, and four separate warehouses – and expand its own student body accordingly.
State Housing Commissioner Herman T. Stichman said last night he had obtained an agreement whereby the Associated Colleges would be permitted to take a rent-free, five-year lease on three upstate properties scheduled to be sold or leased by the War Assets Administration.
The properties, at Plattsburg, Sampson and the former Rhoads Hospital, used by the Associated Colleges of New York under the veteran’s emergency educational program….”

In 1947, the Technical Division moved to the Munro Building at 751 State Street, Utica, with new programs in Mechanical Technology and Electrical Technology. The building formerly housed the Utica Steam Cotton Mill. Two floors were utilized – all of the third floor and part of the second floor. The State Street building was once part of the steam cotton works, later known as the Mohawk Cotton Mills.

Also in October 1947, the first night college classes began in Utica, at the Technology Division.

(April 17, 1947, Utica Daily Press) – “City Handed Deed for Site Of Institute – A deed for approximately 15 acres of the 73-acre triangular plot at Sherman and Tilden, the proposed site for the State Institute of Arts and Applied Sciences (sic) was handed over to the city yesterday by A.J. Infusino and Nathan Sonne. The purchase price was $12,000.
Common Council has given authorization for the bonds covering purchase of the site but the bonds have not been sold.
State authorities have selected and approved the site although no guarantee has been given that the institute will be constructed. Confident the state will build eventually, the city authorized acquisition of the site.”

(The City of Utica held a tax lien on a 43-acre portion of the site, fronting Armory and Tilden, owned by the Tilden Realty Company. Another parcel as owned by the Utica Construction Company.)

May 29, 1947 – 5-year lease of Munro Building, State Street, announced; $130,000 to be spent for equipment by October.

June 1947 – Albert V. Payne named Head of Technical Division, State Street.

(Undated article in Utica Newspapers, late 1947) “Legislative Action is Next Move – The Board of Regents thinks the Armory Drive site offered by the city is ideally located for permanent buildings of the New York State Institute of Applied Arts and Sciences.
However, the board cannot formally accept the site until the State Legislature decides that the Institute shall be established on a permanent basis.
This is the gist of a letter Mayor Golder received today from William J. Wallin of Yonkers, chancellor of the Board of Regents.
Wallin also reiterated previous statements that he board is agreed that the institute, now operated in temporary quarters at the former Utica Country Day School, be permanently established.
He expressed the board’s hope that the city will reserve the Armory Dr. site for the use of the institute, ‘in the hope and expectation that at an early date the permanent establishment of the institute will be voted by the State Legislature.’
The city bought the 73-acre site late in the spring. On July 8, after the deed was turned over to the city, Mayor Golder wrote institute trustees offering to deed it to the state if and when the trustees and appropriate state officials indicate that they approved the site and intend to erect permanent buildings there.
The trustees followed up with a resolution endorsing and approving acceptance of the property by the state, on condition that the institute be permanently established…..”

January 1948 – The State Street building opened.

1948 (specific date unknown) the school colors of green and white were selected by Kenneth C. Moles, first class president.

Spring 1948 – first College Catalog published

(March 1948, Gannett News Service) – “Dewey Vetoes Institute Land Legislation – Governor Dewey yesterday vetoed as ‘too broad’ the Groben-Griffith Bill that would have permitted Utica to deed property to the State Institute of Applied Arts and Sciences there. The measure was statewide in scope and would have affected any city, including Binghamton, in which a state institute also is located.
Senator Groben and Assemblyman Richard R. Griffith, Oneida County Republicans, sponsored the measure at the behest of Utica interests who desired to make the state institute there permanent, it was reported.
In the background of the veto, according to Capitol Hill reports, could be sensed the involved controversy between Governor Dewey and the Board of Regents over the new state university.
Specifically, the bill permitted the institutes to accept the gift of real or personal property, subject to the approval of the Regents, and authorized any municipal corporation to give property to any institute.
‘The purposes of the sponsors could have been served by specific legislation relating to the transfer they seek to effect,’ Governor Dewey wrote.
‘I would suggest that persons interested in this bill discuss the matter with the attorney general and the division of the budget in connection with the drafting of any future legislation.’
The last sentence caused some eye-brow raising. No mention was made of the Board of Regents, which is mentioned in the bill itself.
Since the bill was introduced, legislation creating the state university and transferring eventually control of all state educational institutions, including the institutes, from the Regents to the new university trustees, has become law, it was recalled.
Also, informed persons explained, the state’s institute program remains experimental and a decision on making it permanent is not needed for several more years. Consequently, acceptance of sites for a permanent location might be out of line now, it was claimed.”

(April 7, 1948, Observer-Dispatch editorial) – “War on the Regents – In vetoing the local bill to permit Utica to deed land to the Institute of Applied Arts and Sciences (and to permit other cities to do the same for other state institutions), Governor Dewey appears to be carrying on a war against the Board of Regents.
Readers will recall that the state administration drew its plans for state university so that the Regents would be effectively sidetracked. Although the Regents are our traditional authority for education – non-political and outside the whirl of everyday pressures as they should be – the Governor was ready to thrust the university into political control.
A compromise at the last minute softened this bill. It is not yet satisfactory, since a Governor would appoint the university trustees. This is an opening for politics in education we may live to regret.
In the case of the Groben-Griffith bill on the state institute, the Governor, in vetoing, suggested the sponsors confer with the attorney general and the division of budget on a new bill. These are arms of the Governor’s office He did not mention the Regents, named in the bill.
Is it the Governor’s intent to cut the state technical institutes off from the Board of Regents? If so, he should state why. This sniping war at a non-political organizations is causing uneasiness.”

On July 1, 1948, legislation creating the State University of New York went into effect. Part of its charge was to “make recommendations for the establishment of community colleges.”

September 17, 1948: Mayor Golder asked that the Armory Drive site be purchased for the Institute.

In 1948, the college graduated classes in June, September and December. In 1949, there were four commencements: March, June, September and December. Thereafter, the college graduated one class each year. In Spring 1948, the first college catalog was published.

In 1949, the start of classes in Retail Business Management was moved to the fall from July. Students studied for 12 consecutive months, were place in work experiences during the first three months of their second year, then graduated the following June. The first evening classes were offered on Feb. 1, 1949. On April 1, 1949, the State University of New York was created. It was also decided (Sept 20, 1949) that July classes would no longer be admitted.

In 1949, male students outnumbered women 150-9.

In October 1949, the Technical Division, which had occupied the third floor of the Munro Building on State Street, Utica, expanded to include part of the building’s second floor.

By 1950, 454 graduates had been placed in permanent employment, 1,156 in three-month cooperative work assignments (cumulative since 1947). Only about 10% remained in Oneida County after graduation; many were not Oneida County natives. In Utica, graduates in Retail were placed at the Boston Store, Cahill Auto Supply, Electrolux Corporation, Maher Brothers, National Auto, P&C Food Markets, Seakan Candy Company; Sears, Roebuck & Company; J.B Wells & Son Company, and Wicks & Greenman. Others were placed in every other county within New York State.

(January 4, 1950, Gannett News Service, Albany) – “Tech Schools Are Assured Of Support – Utica and Binghamton Techs as well as similar two-year institutes in Buffalo, White Plains and Brooklyn got virtual assurance yesterday of full state support through the school year 1951-52.
The ‘assurance’ came in the form of a special recommendation in Governor Dewey’s annual message urging such action.
Referring to the institutes as ‘an experiment’ he described them as ‘a great success’ but said that ‘permanent administration and financing must be carefully fitted into the whole university and community college programs.’
He now asks for their continuance ‘for another year’ but couples it with the suggestion that students starting this Fall be assured they can complete the two-year course on the basis under which the schools are now operating.
This recommendation would apparently defer at least until the Fall of 1952 any system whereby tuition or local support played any part in institute financing.
The present budget allows a total of $1,799,800 for all five institutes of which Binghamton’s share is $210,700 and Utica’s $246,600.
The institutes were set up on a five-year basis following a Board of Regents study and were later absorbed by the State University. It had been the original regents intention to sprinkle the state with a score of similar institutes if the plan worked. Under the present law the schools would expire this year.”

(On February 7th, 1950, Jamestown Community College and Orange County Community College were established, the first institutions created as community colleges.)

During this period, “the Board of Regents and the administration of Governor Thomas Dewey were locked in sharp controversy about how to meet the dual problems of the returning veteran and rebuilding industrial momentum in the post-war era. The Regents had mapped plans for a network of free-tuition, two-year colleges to cover the state, patterned roughly on the California program. The Dewey administration though the Regents’ program looked expensive. So it moved into a tuition-based hybrid financed by the state, the student, the sponsoring county and the student’s home county. (Utica newspapers editorial September 14, 1968)

(Observer-Dispatch, Mar 10, 1950) – “State May Cut Utica Tech Aid by Two-Thirds– The idea that Utica Tech – formally the New York State Institute of Applied Arts and Sciences – is going to be supported forever tuition-free by the state got the rug pulled out from under it here (Albany) yesterday.
In handing down their expected report approving continuance of Utica Tech and four other similar institutes, the State Advisory Board on Institute(s) suggested that a study be given a proposal to setting up a fiscal arrangement for them similar to that under which community colleges operate.
This plan, if it should go through – and President Alvin Eurich of the State University acknowledges it to be the present thinking of his board – would mean that instead of paying roughly $240,000 a year for Utica Tech the state would put up only one-third, or $80,000.
At least another third would have to be raised by some sponsoring local unit of government – presumably Utica or Oneida County. The rest would come either from that unit or from students. Assuming students were to pay a third, tuition would run better than $150 a year.
Meanwhile, it has developed that a bill in the Legislature to permit the city to transfer 73 acres (in) Armory Drive, Utica, to the state for Utica Tech’s campus is being delayed at President Eurich’s request.
He has indicated to legislative leaders that he wants to make sure there is nothing in the proposed legislation which would in any way commit the State University to sponsor a four-year college in Utica.
‘We have agreed not to ask for any more four-year colleges in the next 10 years,’ he says, ‘and we want to steer clear of anything that might look like a Utica obligation.’
Even if the bill affected only land for Utica Tech, he explained, it would be sounder practice first to pass a law making the institutes ‘permanent’ rather than ‘temporary.’
The proposal in bill form was introduced yesterday and not only makes Utica Tech ‘permanent’ – at least as far as the law is concerned – but also clearly transfers jurisdiction over it to the university trustees. No mention whatever is made of ‘supervision by the Regents,’ but other parts of the university law subject many of the trustees’ acts to Regents approval.
No date is set for a possible withdrawal of full funds by the state, but this could not possibly come until after April 1, 1951, since the state budget carries Utica Tech through that date.
Should the question come up of building a permanent home for Utica Tech – now in rented quarters at the former Utica County Day School, and in the Munro Building, 751 State, Utica – under the community college arrangement, the state and the local sponsoring unit (Utica or Oneida County) would each pay half. The only estimates available – those made by the university trustees themselves – gave new plant costs at about $4,000 per student. For Utica Tech this would total $2 million.
The Board, under Public Services Commission Head Benjamin F. Feinberg, of Plattsburg, gives Utica Tech and other institutes a figurative pat on the back for doing a good job in an important field. It notes 90 per cent of the graduates are launched on successful careers.
It recommends that the institutes be considered ‘pilot programs’ for community colleges, urges some state aid to bolster their evening extension programs and wants a study of long term housing and transportation aid problems so as to better serve area students.
It finds the Utica institute, with about half of its students coming from outside the city, draws applicants from a wider area than do the others.
The report, incidentally, brackets for the first time the postwar Regents program for over a score of state-supported technical institutes and the subsequent State University proposal for similar community-aided part-tuition-supported community colleges.
It suggests that insofar as the institutes are concerned, the chief impact of the new university has been to shift the financial burden of two-year colleges away from the state itself.”

March 17, 1950 – Governor Dewey vetoes legislation to give permanent status to Institutes in SUNY system.

In 1950, the institute in Utica became a State University unit under the State’s provisions for community colleges.

August 29, 1950 – The Utica Mutual Insurance Company announced plans for a new $2 million home office building on the 32-acre plot where the NYS Institute of Applied Arts & Sciences stood. This land and the Institute buildings were all owned by the insurance company. The Institute was to continue occupying its existing buildings. The new insurance building was to be erected on a site just west of these buildings.

On October 17th, 1950, the Institute introduced evening classes. Unlike day courses, enrollment was not limited to high school graduates. The registration fee was $1, and tuition was $10 for each course. Courses included electrical circuits, electronics, motors and generators, technical mathematics, machine design, tool design, the selection and treatment of tool steels, cost reduction through better methods, time and motion study, engineering drawing, machine tool operation, warm air heating systems, yarn manufacture, weave formation and fabric analysis.

On January 20, 1951, the school changed its name to State University Institute of Applied Arts and Sciences at Utica; its nickname was “Utica Tech.” On March 25, 1951 the Institute was authorized to grant the Associate in Applied Science degree. The five State Institutes were extended until August 31, 1952.

(March 8, 1951, Gannett News Service, Albany) – “Permanent Approval Unlikely This Year – Senate OKs Institutes Temporarily – Possibility that state technical institutes at Binghamton, Utica and three other cities will be continued permanently by the present legislature appears dim today after the Senate approved a bill continuing the schools on a temporary basis.
However, chances appear good that the schools ultimately will be established on a permanent basis without any charge to localities.
Senator Earl W. Brydges, Erie County Republican, who sponsored the bill continuing the institutes until August 1, 1952, said he was convinced the institutes had demonstrated their merit.
Meanwhile, the Senate was expected to pass today a bill authorizing the City of Utica to deed the state and 80-acre parcel of land as a site for the Utica Institute of Applied Arts and Sciences.
The same bill was introduced last year, but vetoed by Governor Dewey. Senator Rath said, however, he thought the bill might receive the governor’s signature this year.
The one-year extension should not be viewed as an indication that the legislature will ‘dangle the fate of these schools on a year-to-year basis,’ Senator Brydges asserted.
The one-year extension at this time will give state officials time to work out a solution for financing the schools permanently, Brydges explained.
While the bill only extends the life of the schools to Aug. 1, 1952, it provides that any students who enter classes before Nov. 7 of this year must be guaranteed an opportunity to complete the two-year course. This in effect means that the schools must be operated until the Fall of 1953.”

(Feb 12, 1952, Utica Daily Press) “County Favors State Support of SUI Plan – The Oneida County Board of Supervisors unanimously went on record yesterday as favoring state legislation which would continue state support of temporary Institutes of Applied Arts and Sciences.
The resolution was presented by Minority Leader G. Carl Morse, D-Vienna, who requested immediate action, pointing out state legislation must be introduced by the end of the month.
Board chairman A. Herold Mayer immediately called a 20-minutes recess and called for a caucus of all members in the committee room. When the supervisors reconvened, the resolution had full endorsements of the Republican side of the chamber.
Morse points out State University Institute is located in New Hartford, and the benefits and advantages extend considerably beyond the immediate area of its location, and ‘in a large degree to many residents of the state, outside and beyond the confines’ of Oneida County.
He points out it is currently proposed in the State Legislature that the support by the state be reduced and the expense of maintenance and operation to a large degree would ‘be left to the local community.’
‘It is the determination of this board that the benefits are on a state-wide basis and the expenses and costs in connection should be continued upon a state-wide basis and not upon a local community basis,’ the resolution points out.
The proposition has been incorporated into proposed legislation introduced at current session by Sen. Pliny Williamson and Assemblyman William F. Horan.
State Senator Rath and Assemblyman William R. Calli already have committed themselves to the proposition, which would provide continued state aid….”

In late 1952 or early 1953, Governor Dewey proposed to end state funding for the Institutes by August 31, 1953, and turn them into community colleges.

In 1952, the Textile Technology program was ended as most mills moved from the area.

In 1952, the Faculty Student Association was formed (forerunner to Auxiliary Services Corporation- which became its name in 1978)

Common sentiment of the time in 1952-53 re: the Institutes: “Dewey’s child, whom he has abandoned and has given us (Oneida County) the opportunity to adopt.”

(Oct 2, 1952, Utica Newspapers) – “Calli to Seek State Support of Institute – Assemblyman William S. Calli, Utica, a member of the State Assembly’s Educational Committee, said today he will ‘insist that the State University Institute here be continued, made permanent, at the total cost and expense of the State of New York.’
He promised to make ‘every effort’ in the Assembly to further that program.
His stand is in agreement with that expressed recently by the chancellor of the New York State Board of Regents in opposition to the state administration proposal that communities in which the institutes are located pay part of the original cost and the maintenance of permanent institutes….
Calli, in his statement today, said:
‘As a member of the Educational Committee of the New York State Assembly, I am vitally interested in the question that has recently arisen concerning the continuation of the local State University Institute, as a permanent part of the state’s educational system and at state expense.’
‘In 1951 I introduced a bill in the New York State Assembly, which bill was to allow the State of New York to obtain title to certain lands in the City of Utica which have been set aside for the establishment of a permanent local State University Institute. My efforts in behalf of this bill were rewarded by its passage by the Legislature. The bill was vetoed by the Governor on the grounds that the offer was premature, inasmuch as it was not definite whether the Institute would be made permanent.
‘Because the local State University Institute does not merely draw its students from this area, but draws students from the entire State of New York, I take the position that the Institute should be made a permanent part of the State educational system, to be supported and maintained by state funds and not at local expense. The people of the City of Utica and County of Oneida are not in any financial position to assume the cost or any share of the cost for the operation of this Institute, and should not be called upon to do so, inasmuch as the Institute is not one that is purely local in nature.
‘The Institute has served a very useful and definite purpose in the educational program of this State and has proved itself to be a source from which industry and retail business may obtain trained personnel.’
‘It is my earnest belief that the facilities for training personnel should be extended and made available to many more students and that this community should be made a center for such educational development. I believe that any attempt to burden the City of Utica or the County of Oneida with the financial responsibility, either in whole or in part, for the upkeep of the school is a wedge that eventually eliminate the maintenance of the school, and for that reason I am vehemently opposed to any such plan.’ ”

(Oct 6, 1952, Observer-Dispatch editorial) – “SUI Future Important in County – The future of the State University Institute deserves the best thought of residents of this city and county.
It can be set down as the first axiom that the technical schools here, for scientific shop and factory work and for retail trade callings, must be continued.
The second axiom, as far as we are concerned, is a square deal in defraying the cost of operation of the institutes.
On the second phase the state has assumed a strange and unrealistic attitude. Lieut. Gov, Moore, the acting of the state these days, has been making some observations on colleges that we hardly expect from such a skilled and astute public servant.
The Moore plan for SUI here is to unload all but a third of the cost of operation on the local community and the students. As we have pointed out before, only a third of the SUI enrollment is local; the rest comes from beyond the county. This is a statewide school, not a local one.
However, for a moment considering the Moore proposition as fair from the state’s point of view, it still doesn’t check with what Mr. Moore has been saying down in Binghamton. In Broome County the state wants to set up a liberal arts college and it will pay ALL the costs, even buy the site and set up buildings if necessary. Yet the college, Harpur College, will likely serve mostly students from the Southern Tier.
New York State is full of similar colleges. From Union at Schenectady through Hamilton, Colgate, Utica College, Syracuse, Hobart, Rochester, St. Lawrence, LeMoyne, Syracuse, Hobart, Rochester, Niagara, Canisius, St. Bonaventure, …and Buffalo and others. This state needs lots of things far worse than it does another liberal arts college, especially when some of the old established ones are having a hard time making ends meet.
But here’s the State of New York, through its administrative heads, trying to give Binghamton for free an arts college probably to be used mostly by area residents, while a statewide institution such as our retail institute is to be made largely a local obligation! And students are to be asked to pay tuition to a third of the expense.
As Arthur S. Cotins has pointed out, the local school should be made a free institution and should be strictly a state proposition as to costs, just as agricultural, forestry and other state schools are.
We were delighted to see Mr. Cotins and Assemblyman Call come forward with affirmation of the state’s proper interest in SUI. We hope many more prominent local residents will appeal to Lieut. Gov, Moore to change his direction.
The Board of Regents, far more experienced in these matters, and the State Education Department originally planned for institutes to be run by the state for people of all the state. Why change now? This question must be fought out in the Legislature, and next year. It is none too soon to gird for the battle if the Dewey administration is set on a course which reverses previous understanding of what a state university institute means.
This county will, we are sure, be generous in helping the state establish its schools. We want them. But being used for ‘a good thing’ is something else. And the executive offices should know it.”

(Dec. 12, 1952, Utica Newspapers) – “SUI Director Sees Big Snag As Financial – Paul B. Richardson, director of the State University Institute, believe that institution is here to stay. Yesterday he called a general assembly of faculty members and students and spoke on the history of the institute and its present status.
Richardson said that ‘under the present legislation, and if no further legislation is enacted, the state institutes would cease to operated in August.
‘Under the present legislation, however, the university trustees have authority to continue operation of the schools as long as necessary, to permit the students now enrolled to complete their courses.’
Richardson explained that will mean at least two more years.
‘Governor Dewey has gone on record frequently to the effect that institutes definitely are permanent,’ he continued. As Richardson sees it, the principal problem is that of finance.
‘After the Binghamton institute’s fire, the trustees went to Lieutenant Governor Moore, who is a state trustee, to discuss the possibility of financing the institute through Binghamton or Broome county sources. They stated they had assurance of local sponsorship.’
Richardson explained that if the Binghamtonians finance their institute, and the state then comes through with grants to the other institutes, it would place the Broome County trustees in an embarrassing position. The trustees have been told there must be local financing everywhere, it has been reported.
‘Some such local sponsorship is available here,’ Richardson stated, and estimated that the 80-acre site offered to it would be ‘worth at least a quarter-million if cut up into building lots.’ He indicated that Oneida County Supervisors have not been queried as to the possibility of offering some local support. ‘Most students come from beyond commuting distances and many from outside the county.’
‘Nobody has ever suggested discontinuing the institutes,’ Richardson concluded. ‘Legislation authorizing their operation always passes unanimously….”

(January 1953, Utica Newspapers) – “C. of C. Names Board to Study SUI’s Future – Appointment of a special commit of the Utica Chamber of Commerce to look into the State University Institute’s situation was announced …by Vincent R. Corrou, executive secretary.
Serving on the committee, named by President Walter J. Matt, are Leo Meagher, chairman; Earl Dunmore, Willis V. Daugherty, Thomas P. Eldred, Sr., amd Samuel Abend.
The temporary institutes, located here and elsewhere in the state, are due to expire this year unless their life is extended by the Legislature. Governor Dewey and other state officials have taken the position that if the institutes are made permanent, the localities where they are situated should share the cost. The state now foots all the bills.
Carrou said ‘We are especially interested in the future of our Institute here because of the splendid cooperation it has given in offering electronics and machine shop courses for the training of displaced textile workers.’”

In January 1953, Assemblyman William S. Calli of Utica reaffirmed his belief that the four State University Institutes should be continued at state expense. His opinion was expressed only a few hours (on January 28) after three state legislators had gone to bat for Governor Dewey’s plan to make community colleges out of the Utica institute and three others. Calli was the first of the area’s three state delegates to break the silence surrounding the Dewey plan…. Sen. Fred Rath said he was “going to stand on it for a while” before expressing an opinion. Assemblyman Francis J. Alder of Rome was not available for comment. (All were Republicans) (There were five institutes… this references only four – a separate arrangement had already been made for the New York City institute.)) Bills were under consideration in the state legislature that would provide:
1. That if the institutes become community colleges, the state will make the sponsoring municipality an outright gift of their present equipment. (Under the community college law such equipment is supposed to be provided 50-50 by the state and the municipality.)
2. That the institute, if continued, will remain in the technical field. (The governor in a special message said some private colleges feared competition if this field were not limited.)
3. That the state will pay the complete cost to permit all present full-time students to finish. (Implied in one of the bills is authority for the state university to close any of the institutes whenever it desires, provided it finds the opportunity somewhere for these students to continue.)

Calli, who in the past had repeatedly urged continuation of full state support, said he had not been present when the bills were introduced. He added that he had decided on no future course of action.
But, he said, “I feel as I always have: That they should be continued at state expense. Oneida County and Utica can’t shoulder the burden.”
A meeting of legislators from the localities (Editor’s note: The localities included Binghamton, White Plains, Buffalo and New Hartford… a community plan agreement had already been reached for the Institute in New York.) which have state Institutes was scheduled for the following week, Calli said. … A bill introduced by Sen. Pliny W. Williamson, Westchester Republican, providing for continued state financing of the institutes, was given little chance of passage.
Meanwhile the public affairs committee of the Kiwanis Club appointed Frank A. Emma to confer with legislators and with Mayor Golder to see if there was a possibility of reaching a compromise agreement on the issue. This came at a meeting at the Hotel Utica. Committee Chairman Clarence A. Proctor said the problem was taken into consideration with a view toward seeing if the institute could be “saved for Utica.” Emma was authorized to go to Albany to talk with majority leaders in both houses to get the legislative viewpoint. He was then to confer with Mayor Golder to get full data on the city’s stand, then report to the committee. If the group decided to recommend some action, it was decided to seek the cooperation of the Utica Inter-Club Council.
During the same time frame, the Chamber of Commerce sent a letter to five local leaders, including these legislators, and Mayor Golder and A.H. Mayer, board of supervisors chairman, urging that “every effort be made to assure the permanence of the Institute.” The Chamber letter pointed out that students from 61 counties attended the business management division of the local institute. “It is, therefore, evident that this division is statewide and not local in scope,” the chamber said.
Also mentioned in the chamber letter was the “amazing feature” that “enrollment in evening extension courses now exceeds the enrollment in the day division.” Citing references in The New York Times and The Chicago Tribune to the “industrial revolution” in Utica, the letter credited the institute with cooperating in the “training of a large number of people for our expanding industries. To lessen this training program would be a severe setback to our industries, especially those engaged in defense contracts.”
Requesting that the school be made permanent, the Chamber offered “to be of assistance in any way to make this a certainty.” No mention was made of whether the Chamber favored the community college plan or the state-financed method.
Signing the letter were Walter J. Matt, president; Leo Meagher, chairman of the special institute committee, and Vincent R. Carrou, executive secretary.
(Editor’s Note: Assemblyman Calli’s son, William Calli. Jr., became an MVCC trustee in 2003.)
(paraphrased from Utica Daily Press, Jan 29, 1953)

(Albany GNS, Jan 27, 1953) – “Dewey Bids State Halt Full Institute Backing, Fixes Aug. 31 Deadline – Third of Cost Must Be Paid By Community – Governor Dewey last night slammed the door on full state support for the Institute of Applied Arts and Sciences at Utica after Aug. 31, 1953.
The action means simply this: Communities must take over the institutes, with capital upkeep to be shared with the state.
He told the Senate and Assembly that he was planning to include in his budget 100 per cent state aid only as may be needed to see every one now in the institute through to graduation.
If the schools want to continue on the present basis permanently, his recommendation is that they reorganize under a community college plan, whereby the sponsoring community will pay one-third the operating cost, the students themselves one-third, and the state a third.
He offers to give them their existing equipment outright but suggests that the state and community share 50-50 any and all future capital outlay.
His message – which applied equally to institutes in Binghamton, White Plains and Buffalo- gives no indication of what “community” he has in mind, whether a city, a county, or a group of counties.
Grappling for the first time with local protests that a community should not be asked to support a school that draws is students from a wide area, the Governor urges the Legislature to set up a system of ‘chargebacks.’
Under his proposal any community which had residents enrolled as students would be called upon to pay one-third of the cost of educating them at the institute.
It is understood the Legislature could make such payments ‘permissive’ or ‘mandatory’ but that the Governor would like to see them made ‘mandatory.’
While no figures are given on the Utica Institute, 1952-53 costs are running around $315,262. Were this figure to continue, by the time the school went completely on the community college plan – presumably, August, 1954 – the sponsoring community with what help it could get from other areas would have to put up $105,000. Tuition, accounting for a like amount, would run around $200 a year. And the state would pay the remaining $105,000.
At present the colleges are operating in rented quarters. It is understood the Governor feels it might be well to have them continue with such facilities until they become more firmly established.
The Governor noted that the State University Commission under Owen D. Young urged precisely the transfer to a community college status he now recommends.
The Governor further wants the Institute law changed so that the schools can never ‘compete’ with private liberal arts colleges.
He noted that the city of New York already has agreed to take over its institute so that actually only the future of the four Upstate schools remains in doubt.
His message also indicates that the institutes are, in effect, on the ‘auction block’ for any community that wants to put up the one-third. Presumably, though the communities that have them now get first priority.
And if there are no bidders, the governor’s recommendation is that they ‘be discontinued.’
Not mentioned is the plan of the State Board of Regents. The board first devised the institutes, set up the five now operating, and recommended that eventually the state support fully more than a score of such two-year institutions in all parts of the state.
While no indication is given on how the state hopes to ‘sell’ sponsoring communities on taking over, it is understood that Lieutenant Governor Moore will confer with any area groups interested.
Such a conference in Binghamton reached a dead-end when that area offer $1 million toward capital costs but said ‘no’ to state requests for help in meeting operating budget.”

(Jan. 28, 1953, Utica Daily Press) – “Bill Is Offered To Block Plan On Institutes – An effort to block Governor Dewey’s plan to make state university institutes ‘community colleges,’ came from a Westchester County Republicans yesterday who introduced a bill in the Senate to continue the schools as state-financed units.
Sen. Pliny W. Williamson, a ranking Senate member, introduced the bill, but it was not given much of a chance of survival. A similar bill, which included the institute in New York City, passed in 1951, but was vetoed by Governor Dewey.
Dewey has set Aug. 31 as the closing date for the four schools which include Utica’s State University Institute. Reversal by the legislature, an extension of the closing date, or an acceptable plan with state, Utica and Oneida County participation is all that will keep the school open.
If the school is kept here it will mean the county or city would have to supply money for one-third of the operation and half the cost of building on a new site. A second third would come from the state and the third from students’ tuitions.
Monday night, A. Herold Mayer, chairman of the board of Supervisors, said he had to study the proposal but cast some doubts about county participation by stating the county was now near its taxable limit.
Today Richardson is scheduled to speak before Exchange Club members on ‘The Future of the State University Institute.’
The Institute is now housed in rented quarters in New Hartford and in State St. The city has an 80-acrea site along Armory Dr. it values as $300,000 it has earmarked as a permanent home for the Institute.
Utica, it is believed would get credit for this toward the community’s 50 per cent share of capital outlay for a permanent institute. Assuming one could be established for $2 millions, the state’s 50’s per cent share and the city’s credits for the site would total $1.3 millions, leaving $700,000 more to be provided by the city and/or the county.”

(Jan 29, 1953 – Utica Observer-Dispatch) – “Dewey Cuts SUI Budget to $138,770 – In accordance with his plan to close down the state university institutes here and elsewhere next year, unless the local communities take them over, Governor Dewey has cut their budgets so that they will get full financial support only until Aug. 31 of this year.
At the same time, however, he has upped the fund for community colleges to insure the institutes of the promised one-third from the state if local communities take them over, and to provide state payment of tuition of students enrolled before last Nov. 1 so that they can complete their courses.
Trustees of the Institute here had put in a request for a $351,000 appropriation for the full fiscal year starting Apr. 1. This does not include money for cost-of-living bonuses for state employees that comes from another fund. In his proposed state purposes budget, Governor Dewey has set the budgeted figure for Utica’s institute to Aug. 31 at $138,770.
Assuming the Legislature passes bills to carry out Dewey’s plan for the institutes to operate under the community college shared-expense plan, the county and/or the city, if the institute is to become permanent, would be expected to take over on that date. After that, they would be expected to provide one-third of operating costs. Another third would come from the state and a remaining third from tuitions. Dewey has suggested the possibility of permitting local communities to charge back portions of their one-third to home counties of students.
He also suggested that home counties might pay some of their tuition costs. Students from within the state now pay no tuition. Those from outside pay $300 a year.
It appears under Dewey’s plan however, that if the local community does not take over Sept. 1, the state will provide funds from its community college appropriation, so the institutes can continue until June, 1954 – the time the students who entered last September would be graduating. The institute here now has 400 day students enrolled, plus 600 in evening extension courses….
Assemblyman William S. Calli last night reaffirmed his belief that the state should continue to provide full support. But he said the state should continue to provide full support. But he said he had not decided what to do about it. No comment was available from Senator Fred Rath and Assemblyman Francis J. Alder of Rome.
The three legislators were among five local leaders who were mailed yesterday a letter from the Utica Chamber of Commerce arguing that ‘every effort be made to assure the permanence of the Institute.’ The letter, copies of which were also sent to Mayor Golder and A.H. Mayer, board of supervisors chairman, outlined no plan for continuing the institutes.
In another step taken yesterday, the public affairs committee of the Kiwanis Club appointed Frank A. Emma to confer with legislators and with Mayor Golder to see if there is a possibility of reaching a compromise agreement on the issue.
Meanwhile, Sen. Earl W. Brydges, Senate education chairman from Niagara Falls, and Assemblyman Lewis W. Oliffe of Kings, and Angelo Graci of Queens, introduced bills to carry out the Dewey program. All are Republicans, as are Rath, Alder and Calli.
The bills they introduced in the two houses provide:
1. That if the institutes become community colleges, the state will make the sponsoring municipality an outright gift of their present equipment. (Under the community college law such equipment is supposed to be provided 50-50 by the state and the municipality.)
2. That the Institute, if continued, will remain in the technical field. (The governor is a special message said some private colleges feared competition if this field were not limited.)
3. That the state will pay the complete cost to permit all present full-time students to finish. (Implied in one of the bills is authority for the state university to close any of the institutes whenever it desires, provided it finds the opportunity somewhere for these students to continue.)
A meeting of legislators from the localities which have state institutes is scheduled for next week, Calli said.
Preceding yesterday’s action was the introduction by Sen. Pliny W. Williamson, Westchester Republican, of a bill providing for continued state financing of the institutes. It was, however, given little chance of passage.
Yesterday’s compromise request by the Kiwanis Club was taken at a meeting in the Hotel Utica. Clarence A. Proctor, committee chairman, said the problem was taken into consideration with a view toward seeing if the institute could ‘be saved for Utica.’
Emma was authorized to go to Albany to talk with majority leaders in both houses to get the legislative viewpoint. He will then confer with Mayor Golder to get full data on the city’s stand….

(Utica Daily Press Editorial, Jan 30, 1953) – “Local Items in Budget – Two items in Governor Dewey’s second billion-dollar state budget have unusual local interest. One provides $6 million for a new medical-surgical building at Marcy State Hospital. The other will reduce the budget of the State University Institute, New Hartford, from $351,000 to $138, 770. That contemplates closing the institute Aug. 31.
This is in accordance with the Governor’s plan to end full state support for the five technical schools which were started experimentally after the war. In his opinion these should be converted into community colleges, financed in part by the state, by students’ tuition and by local contributions.
It looks here as though the proposal contradicts the original purpose of the institutes. At the outset their function was described as providing technical training for two years, for students who did not desire full college courses. On that basis they have operated successfully. Local opinion is that they are one of the most useful operations in the whole education system.
A community college, in the usual sense of the term, is another kind of enterprise. It offers the usual courses on a four-year basis. One of its main reasons for being is to accommodate those from the vicinity who for financial or other reasons, cannot attend the colleges which are mainly for resident students. Despite local approval of the Institute there has been no indication that the city or county is willing to assume the expense proposed by Governor Dewey. Furthermore, with Utica College of Syracuse University already in the community picture, there would be no reason to try to duplicate its program.
The state had a good idea when it started the institutes and the idea is still good. If the state can spend $6 million for a single building at a mental hospital, it should be able to finance an institute for young people who are striving to become self-supporting, productive citizens.”

(Observer-Dispatch editorial, Jan 30, 1953) – “SUI Should Be State-Supported – Local sentiment seems to be overwhelming that our State University Institute must continue, and that in our peculiar situation the state should pay for the operation of the school, as it has up to now.
But local sentiment doesn’t alter the desire of the state administration to include Utica’s SUI with others in the state in requiring local participation in the expense.
There are what seem to us convincing reasons why Utica should be an exception to a rule which otherwise might be all right. Local institutions certainly should pay their own way, if at all possible.
The point with our SUI is that two-thirds of its students are not residents of Utica or Oneida County. They come, two-thirds of them, from the rest of the state. This is not true of any other state technical institute. Therefore, our school is peculiarly for the people of all the state, not just for local residents.
The out-of-town students predominate not only in the retail management course, but also in the mechanical, electronic and textile courses.
The desire of Governor Dewey and his advisers to make SUI here a partly local expense is the more strange when the state is at the same time taking over full cost of Harpur College in Binghamton, a liberal arts college of which the state already has plenty privately operated. Harpur cannot serve all the state, as SUI serves all the state.
However, the bills are in the Legislature. Local shoulders are going to take part of the local SUI cost unless another solution is worked out. Local city and county officials and leaders must try to convince the state authorities that in fairness this school of ours should be a state responsibility because it is truly serving all the state.”

(Utica Daily Press – Feb 3, 1953) – “Rath Favors State Support for SUI Plan – The fight to get the state to continue full support of the temporary Institutes of Applied Arts and Sciences – including those in Utica and Binghamton – drew added crossfire here (Albany) last night.
New developments as the State Legislature went into its fifth week are:
1. Utica Senator Rath, earlier non-commital on the issue, declared that he would back continued state support as provided in a bill introduced by Senator Pliny Williamson, Westchester. He warned that effort to pass this bill may fail and that if so ‘it is up to Utica or Oneida County to provide the money to permit the institute to become a community college.’
2. The state university trustees in their annual report reaffirmed their earlier recommendation that the institutes become community colleges. At the same time, they observed that ‘there has never been a grass roots movement within the state for such institutions’ and that ‘development of community colleges will continue to be slow until the financial problems that impede their establishment are solved.’
3. Westchester’s delegation which is interested in the White Plains Institute continues to be solidly behind the proposal of its senior Senator. Slated later in the week is a conference between Westchester businessmen and Gov. Dewey’s top salesman for the community college idea, Lt. Gov. Frank C. Moore. Meanwhile, the Williamson measure has picked up a companion bill in the Assembly sponsored by Tuckahoe’s William F. Horan.
4. Conferring with legislators here (Albany) on behalf of the Utica Institute was former Democratic Assemblyman Frank Emma, Utica. He came here on behalf of the Utica Kiwanis Club. Emma Expressed hope that a bloc of legislators from areas where there are institutes might – with the support of some of their colleagues who don’t like the governor’s ‘charge back’ proposal – make some headway. The ‘charge back’ plan, not yet in bill form, would provide – or might possibly mandate – that every county pay a third of the cost of sending any of its own residents to the institutes.
Rath, in his statement, recalled that the governor a year ago had vetoed his bill which would have enabled Utica to give its institute a campus.
The senator made it clear that whatever happens he doesn’t want to see the institutes ditched because he believes they are doing an excellent job.
He added that Mayor Golder had talked with Lt. Governor Moore about the problem and was sufficiently conversant with it to be able to step in if legislative efforts to get full state support fail….”

(NOTE: By 1957, Lt Gov Frank Moore, of Buffalo, had become chairman of the State University of NY Board of Trustees)

(Utica Daily Press – Feb 12, 1953) “County Favors State Support of SUI Plan” – The Oneida County Board of Supervisors unanimously went on record yesterday as favoring state legislation which would continue state support of temporary Institutes of Applied Arts & Sciences.
The resolution was presented by Minority Leader G. Carl Morse, D-Vienna, who requested immediate action, pointing out state legislation must be introduced by the end of the month.
Board chairman A. Herold Mayer immediately called a 20-minutes recess and called for a caucus of all members in the committee room. When the supervisors reconvened, the resolution had full endorsements of the Republican side of the chamber.
Morse points out State University Institute is located in New Hartford, and the benefits and advantages extend considerably beyond the immediate area of its location, and ‘in a large degree to many residents of the state, outside and beyond the confines’ of Oneida County.
He points out it is currently proposed in the State Legislature that the support by the state be reduced and the expense of maintenance and operation to a large degree would be ‘left to the community.’
‘It is the determination of this board that the benefits are on a state-wide basis and the expenses and costs in connection should be continued upon a state-wide basis and not upon a local community basis,’ the resolution points out.
The proposition has been incorporated into proposed legislation introduced at current session by Sen. Pliny Williamson and Assemblyman William F. Horan.
State Senator Rath and Assemblyman William Calli already have committed themselves to the proposition, which would provide continued state aid….”

(Utica Daily Press – Feb. 16, 1953) “SUI: Dream About to Fade? City, County Want It; Problem Is: How to Pay for It? – On Sept, 17, 1948, Mayor Golder announced he would ask the Common Council to legislature authority to purchase a 78-acre tract of Utica land to be used as a permanent site for the state-operated Institute of Applied Arts and Sciences.
The chairman of the institute’s board of trustees greeted the announcement with: ‘It is our aim that the institute here in Utica will become so large and so important to the state’s educational system that there will be no question about its becoming permanent.
The chairman, Frederic W. Roedel, then praised the mayor for what he called ‘foresight’ in asking to acquire the land.
For a few moments, two weeks ago, the dream seemed to have faded. Prospects of the state institute remaining as a permanent Utica fixture suddenly seemed remote. Governor Dewey delivered a message to the Legislature in which he asked cancellation of the present full state aid to the Utica Institute and the four other similar institutions in the state.
The Governor left a single chance for the school. Community participation.
Under this plan, approved under law as ‘community colleges,’ the state will finance a third of operation and maintenance costs and half of building and equipment costs on the new site. The city would finance the remaining half of the building cost and with it discharge all of its obligation. Oneida County and other counties in the state would finance the remaining two-thirds of operation and maintenance.
A plan now being discussed in Albany would divert participation money from the counties’ state aid funds. Called a ‘charge back’ plan, payment of the cost of a particular county’s representation at the school would be made without that county ever actually receiving the money.
The designers say it would eliminate much bookkeeping and money from state to county of Oneida. It would also assure that other counties would part their participation promptly.
Reaction to the Governor’s message was confusion at first. And with confusion came a note of pessimism. City and county officials declined to comment until ‘a further study’ could be made. Aside, some county supervisors ‘wondered’ whether the cost would be prohibitive, whether the tax limit, now almost full-extended, would allow the county to take on their full share of ‘support.’
At last week’s meeting of the Board of Supervisors, the group voted unanimously to urge the state to continue ‘full state support.’ The measure, a Democrat’s motion, gained full accord after Republican board members retired in caucus for discussion.
The pessimism that exists broods on whether the county will have to contribute annually as sponsor of the community college.
Optimism, among faculty, interested business and industrial groups, and the student body, exists because, to date, no voice has been raised against keeping the school.
The issues is, how will it be kept?
Assemblyman William S. Calli, who campaigned for reelection on continued state aid, reaffirmed his stand. The Inter-Club Council, representing about 60 area organizations, has urged full support as has the Utica Chamber of Commerce. Democrats and their chairman, Richard H. Balch, blasted the Dewey message and demand(ed) the state continue its present policy.
Balch said, ‘we must have trade schools,’ and some of the SUI faculty paled. ‘We train technicians,’ they said, ‘we don’t teach trades.’ But they were grateful.
This week, A. Herald Mayer, chairman of the Board of Supervisors and Mayor Golder will go to Albany to talk with Lt. Gov. Frank Moore. Moore will outline the state’s plan and urged local acceptance and support.
Paul B. Richardson, director of the institute, outlines what that support would be.
To begin with, the state will fully attend to all expenses of the Institute until Aug. 31, 1953, and then will pay for the completion of the education of seniors already enrolled.
Budget for the current year is $391,778. Of this, the state assumes all costs for seven months. The remaining five months would be split three ways on new students and the state will finance fully those already enrolled.
By ‘community college’ plan, which still provides for a two-year course, Oneida County, which is the home of about one-third of the student body would pay only a third of the county portion, or, actually, one-ninth of operation and maintenance costs.
To complete the current fiscal year, which ends Mar. 31, 1954, this would be about $8.000.
Director Richardson estimates a budget of $406,000 for the first full year under the community plan.
Here roughly is how that would break down:
State cost, $135,000
Tuitions, $135,000
Oneida County, $45,000
Remaining counties, $95,000
Almost every county in the state is represented among the 443 enrolled students in the institute. Each county would then pay a proportionate amount according to the number of students they have at the institute.
War and post-war increase of the birth rate, Richardson believes, will have its effect on State University Institute and that in a few years the number of students will be more than doubled.
One survey indicates that the total will level off at about 1,100 students.
When this figure is reached the cost to counties will be higher, but the cost per student will be lower.
The increase of total students will also have its effect on building costs at the Parkway site now owned by the city.
The ‘master plan’ which envelopes all institute operations and proposed construction, lists an estimated cost of $3,500 per student as guide to building expenditures. Added to this is an estimated $500 per student for equipment. The multiplication is simple, 1,100 students at $4,000 each total $4,400,000.
L.L. Jarvie, dean of state institutes, believes however that this figure is excessive. Richards seconds the opinion. Richardson points out that a well-constructed building could probably be built at a cost much lower than the $4 million figure is stress is given to serviceability and simplicity. He envisions a concrete block type of construction faced with brick and limestone.
The site the city has earmarked for the new building is a 73-acre tract west of the Calvary Armory and Adrean Terrace, bounded by Sherman Dr., Tilden Ave., and Armory Dr., with a small portion fronting on the Parkway. Cost to the city was $12,000.
It is on this site that the institute will continue after June, 1954. In a sense, the move will be profitable. Present rental of the New Hartford and State St. Branches is $43,000.”

(Feb 17, 1953, Utica Observer-Dispatch) “SUI Aid Proposal Defeated in Senate – Hope for continued state operation and financing of the State University Institute were dimmed today when the Senate in Albany defeated a Democratic amendment to a budget bill aimed at continuing state financing.
Senator Fred J. Rath of Utica joined other Republicans in turning down the amendment by a straight 37 to 19 party vote.
Action on a similar amendment before the Assembly was slated this afternoon and capitol observers predict a similar result.
Meanwhile, Mayor Golder, A. Herold Mayer, chairman of the Board of Supervisors; Frederic C. Roedel, chairman of the board of trustees of the local institute, and Paul B. Richardson, its director, were in Albany for a conference this afternoon with Lieutenant Governor Moore on the institute question.
Mailed to Moore last night was a letter from local Chamber of Commerce official stating that they would prefer to see the institute continued on the present basis.
‘Particularly, do we believe that the course in retail management should be continued on the present basis because of the statewide nature of that program, it said.
‘Because of the industrial changes that have occurred recently in Utica, we are most desirous of the continuation of the courses in mechanical, electrical and textile technology,’ it added.
‘We want you to know of our intense interest in the continuation of the institute and of our desire to be of assistance and cooperation in this regard,’ the letter said.
It was signed by Walter J. Matt, president of the chamber, Vincent R, Corrou, executive secretary, and Leo Meagher, chairman of the chamber’s institute committee.
In the Senate today, Francis J. Mahoney, Democratic minority leader, claimed that he community college idea had not been initiated by the communities. He said that Governor Dewey, ‘after throwing them back at you, will tell you he is increasing state aid by one-third of the cost of the operation. You fellows are going to be the collection agency.’
Walter J. Mahoney, Buffalo, Senate finance chairman, said a bill is to be introduced calling for a chargeback to other counties to relieve counties where institutes are located of the costs for non-resident students….”

(Feb 18, 1953, Utica Daily Press) “SUI Dream to Fade? Faculty, Students Listen with Interest To News Regarding School’s Survival – Living in an atmosphere of what one faculty member calls ‘suspended animation,’ the State University Institute faculty, wondering about the future of their school, has developed what baseball players call ‘rabbit ears.’
In baseball parlance, ‘rabbit ears’ is the description of a player wh listens intently to every measure of criticism and cheer that comes from the fans in the stands.
In Utica, it means that the faculty and students are propping their ears to whatever is said by the public and officials regarding their ultimate survival.
They are, at least most of them, confident that their school will continue to exist. They believe the issue is how they will exist – state supported or as a community college?
Walk through the New Hartford or State St. branches of the institute and pose the question: ‘Are you looking for another job – in case?’
The typical answer is ‘no.’ Then they add, ‘if the school is discontinued, and I doubt it will be, then I’ll go into industry and upgrade myself on salary.’ Some answers vary only to substitute ‘business’ for ‘industry.’ Others maintain they will continue in education.
The impression can’t be mistaken. They honestly believe completely in what the school has accomplished and what it can accomplish. Most of what these ‘rabbit ears’ hear is unqualified praise. The little criticism is pounced on, answers ready.
‘When I listen to this criticism,’ a faculty member said last week, ‘I realize the critics don’t know what we are or what we are doing here.’
What the State University Institute is and what it is doing has been carefully outlined by legislation and system.
Institutes of Applied Arts & Science (the official name) were created in 1946 at Utica, Binghamton, White Plains, Buffalo and New York City. They were described this way in the original legislation:
‘A two-year, tuition-free, community centered college offering integrated programs of technical and general education to train young men and women as technicians for business and industry and for better lives as individuals, as parents, as citizens.’
If Governor Dewey is overruled by the State Legislature, and this seems unlikely, the institute would continue as it has for the past six years. If Oneida County and Utica join with the state in making the school a ‘community college,’ the single change will be tuitions.
Under a plan discussed in Albany yesterday, students would pay, through tuitions, a third of the entire cost of maintaining the school. The rest would be unchanged. …
How well Utica’s institute has accomplished what was designed for it can be found in the statements from leaders of Utica’s industrial plants, businesses and retail stores.
Allan Kahn, Bendix Aviation Corp., said his organizations couldn’t get enough SUI graduates. The same is said by George Harrer, personnel manager of Chicago Pneumatic Tool Company.
‘We’ve had very good luck with SUI graduates,’ says Harrer. He complains that it is not possible to attract as many as is needed. ‘Since more than two-thirds of the students are from homes throughout the state, when they graduate they usually pick a job nearer their homes.’ …”

(Feb 21, 1953, Utica Daily Press/GNS) – “Calli and Alder Bolt, Back Full SUI Help – Oneida County’s two Republican assemblymen – William S. Calli and Francis J. Alder – both broke with their party to support Democratic efforts to add full state support for Utica’s Institute of Applied Arts and Sciences it was learned here yesterday.
The two had one other Republican ally – George L. Ingalls from Binghamton – site of another of the four institutes which the governor hopes to make community colleges. Ingalls’ colleague, however, Richard H. Knauf, declined to by-pass the Republican leadership.
The Assembly vote was 94-54 and except for Calli, Alder, and Ingalls followed strict party lines. Worcester (Westchester?) and Buffalo also have GOP legislators, but they declined to make a break.
The Assembly action came quickly. The belief was current at that time that the various Democratic attempts to alter the Dewey budget had met solid Republican opposition. A check of the official record, however, shows otherwise.
In the Senate, however, both Senator Rath as well as colleagues from Broome, Westchester, and Erie stuck with their party on the institute issue.
Rath explained that he saw no possibility of any revolt sufficient to carry the Democratic proposal and that he did not feel anything would be gained if he joined with the minority.
He indicated that he still would like to see full state support for the institute and ifa bill to that effecting sponsored by Westchester Republicans gets on the floor he will support it.”

(March 4, 1953, Associated Press) “Democrats’ SUI Battle Believed to Be Futile – Democratic legislative leaders resorted today to familiar but futile strategy in an effort to stymie Governor Dewey’s plan to make localities take over four state technical institutes.
Senator Francis J. Mahoney and Assemblyman Eugene F. Bannigan said they would move to discharge from committee Democratic bills calling for continued state support of the tuition-free schools.
The two minority leaders said they wanted ‘to put every member of the legislature on record regarding this vital education issue.’
They accused the Dewey administration of making education a ‘prime scapegoat’ of its 1953 program.
The minority move, however, was doomed. Republicans have squashed similar maneuvers each time the Democrats have tried.
The institutes – at Buffalo, Binghamton, Utica and White Plains – were set up in 1946 with 100 per cent state support as an experiment in two-year applied arts and science courses for high school graduates. Dewey has urged that they be absorbed by the localities as community colleges or moved to municipalities that might want them.”

(March 12, 1953, Gannett News Service) – “Dewey’s Bill On Institutes Given Boost – The Olliffe Bill, part of the governor’s program for getting technical institutes converted into community colleges, passed the assembly yesterday and went to the Senate without protest. It is sponsored by Lewis Olliffe, New York City Republican.
The vote was unanimous – the Democrats and other legislators wanting state supported schools apparently felt that if the governor’s plan is the only one that can get through, it is better than nothing.
Yesterday’s bill would limit the institutes to a technical program; would provide for the state to pay the cost of continuing the studies through graduation of all in the schools now; and would allow the state to give present institute equipment to whatever new community colleges may be set up as successors.”

(March 13, 1953, Rome Daily Sentinel) – “Roberts Urges State Support Of Institute – Rome Supervisor Hits Proposal for Community College – J. Henry Roberts, Democratic supervisor from Rome’s Seventh Ward, wants full state sponsorship for the State University Institute in Utica.
He wants some of the state’s surplus funds applied to the program which he says ‘benefits the youth of today who may be the defenders of our country tomorrow.’
Supervisor Roberts points out that ‘legislation is pending in Albany that will inaugurate the ‘Community College Plan’ and that ‘it behooves us, every one, no matter where we live, to inform our New York State legislators that we want full state sponsorship continued for these schools.’
Holding that ‘the taxpayers and the boys and girls who intend to enter these schools in the fall are entitled to a plain statement of facts,’ Roberts adds:
‘We have been hearing and reading a great deal about the closing of the state-sponsored school. Gov. Dewey has insisted that the Utica school and similar schools in Binghamton, White Plains and Buffalo be converted to ‘community colleges’ or close.’
‘That ultimatum,’ he continues, ‘leaves it up to the Oneida County Board of Supervisor(s) to accept the ‘community college’ plan for Utica Tech or let it close.’
The Rome supervisor believes that under the ‘community plan’ the Utica institute will operate with one third of the cost paid by the state, one third by the county and the remaining third by the student. All constructions costs will be shared equally by the state and county.
Broken down into actual figures, Roberts sees it this way:
‘At the present time there are about 400 students registered at the Utica school and the approximate operating budget is $400,000 or roughly $1,000 per student. One third of $1,000 is $333 or the apportionment to be paid each by the state, county and student.
‘The approximate cost to the county under the ‘community plan’ is estimated at $45,000’ Roberts points out. But, the supposed to be the saving feature of the plan, for the county, is the much publicized ‘charge-back.’ ’
Under the Mahoney bill, in the State Legislature, Oneida as a sponsoring county, would assess the local share for non-resident students to the home counties of those students, and the bill further authorizes the state comptroller to charge the counties for their proportionate share, and if it is not paid to withhold an equal amount of state aid,’ Roberts explains.
‘At $45,000 as Oneida County’s share, and at $333 per student, there are about 150 students at the Utica school who are residents of Oneida County,’ he said. ‘That number from the total of 400 students leaves 250 students who are residents from other counties.
‘Under the ‘charge back’ plan, Oneida County could bill the home counties for about $75,000,’ Roberts continued. The money of course would not go into the Oneida County treasury nor affect its budget, but it would lessen the state budget. This money would go directly into maintaining the school.
Roberts points out the Utica school specializes in courses in textiles and electronics with (the) result (that) many students from other counties come to Utica to take these specialized courses.
He also points out that the other schools have specialized courses not taught in Utica, and that students from Oneida County might attend these other schools.
‘It is not unlikely that from a county the size of Oneida, that there would be 150 students from the county entering other schools in other counties.’
‘That of course would be a charge back in reverse of $45,000 to the Oneida County budget and therefore it would cost he county not $45,000 first mentioned, but $90,000 plus one half of all construction costs,’ said Roberts.
‘Students of this county will be required to furnish a like amount in tuition if they wish to enter one of the state’s technical schools this fall,’ Roberts said. ‘This will be in addition to their regular budget for clothes, room and board, laundry, books, and regular school and social activities.’
‘These are the facts,’ Roberts points out, stripped of their legislative camouflage of the operation of the school under the community plan’ if it is forced on to the county by the administration in Albany.’…’

(Utica Observer-Dispatch, March 28, 1953) – “Calli Proposes Bailey Bequest Go to Institute – With the future of the State University Institute here now in the hands of the city and county, Assemblyman Calli last night proposed that the Prentiss Bailey $97,000 bequest for a park be diverted to the institute.
His suggestion followed Governor Dewey’s action yesterday signing the bill which withdraws full state support of the institutes located here and in Binghamton, White Plains, Buffalo, and New York City.
If they continue, it will be as community colleges, with the community, the state and the students each paying a third of the operating costs, and the state and the community dividing costs of buildings, etc.
Mayor Golder announced Wednesday that with defeat of the bill permitting Utica to annex Deerfield Ravine as a site for Bailey Park, it appears that the Bailey bequest for that purpose will have to revert to the heirs.
Calli, emphasizing the importance of retaining the institute here, said he will ask individuals to form a committee that will request city officials to present the SUI proposition to the Bailey heirs.
In signing the institute bill yesterday, Dewey hailed the move to make them community colleges as a step greatly to the institutes’ benefit.
The Governor’s complete message explaining the legislation and his views follows:
‘These bills will facilitate the conversion of the five temporary institutes of applied arts and sciences and the Troy Veterans’ Vocational School to permanent community colleges as part of the state university program. They provide that:
1. The state will convey without cost existing facilities and equipment at each of the institutes and the Troy school to the municipality sponsoring the community college.
2. Students who are now in attendance will be permitted to complete their courses without cost to them or to the local sponsor of the community college. The state will assume this cost in full.
3. The county or city sponsoring the community college will be authorized to charge back its share of the operating costs for non-resident students to the home community of such students. So that there will be no delay in making these moneys available to the sponsoring community for operation of the college, the state will advance such funds for non-resident students in the first instance.
4. The training offered by these newly established community colleges will be similar to that now provided by the technical institutes. The institute program will terminate on August 31, 1953. If any technical institute is not converted to a community college by that time, the state university trustees may continue to operate the school to permit students who are presently enrolled to complete their courses.
‘The conversion of the temporary institutes to community colleges will carry out the recommendation first made in 1948 by the temporary commission on the need for a state university headed by Owen D. Young. From now on the state will share future capital costs for each college equally with the local community. Operating charges will be borne one-third by the state, one-third by the community of which the student is a resident, and one-third by the student.
The conversion to the community college basis will place the technical institute program on a sound basis. Participation by local government in the operation of these colleges will, I am sure, enure greatly to their betterment. I am happy that we are able to make secure and permanent the advantages of this fine training for future generations.’ ’

(Utica Daily Press – April 15, 1953) “Named by Board of Supervisors – Thomas Heads College Study Panel – Supervisor Robert J. Thomas, New Hartford, has been appointed chairman of a special Supervisors’ committee whose sole purpose is to study the law recently passed by the State Legislature regarding the continuance of community colleges.
The committee was named yesterday by Chairman A. Harold Mayer of the board and the scope of its work relates directly to the future of the State University Institute in Utica and New Hartford.
The committee, Mayer said, also is to estimate as near as possible the approximate cost to maintain such colleges in the county and to report back to the clerk of the board with recommendations May 1.
Others on committee: Supervisors Vincent Belden, D-Second Ward, Utica; Albert A. Schuler, R-Fourteenth Ward, Utica; Joseph Gordecki, R-Third Ward, Rome; John Bartolotti, D-First Ward, Rome; William H. Collins, R-Paris; Bernard Maloney, D-Florence.
In announcing the new committee, Mayer urged that the group begin functioning immediately so that the members would have the maximum amount of time to study ‘this very important issue.’
The legislation passed by the state two weeks ago divests the state of full sponsorship of the existing institutes by setting up a mechanism for converting the institutions into community colleges.
Under plans provided for in the new law, if the county elects to take over a share of the cost of such a community college the operating costs would be split three ways. The state and the county each would pay one third and the students’ tuition fees would pay the other third.
The law also permits that the county in which such an institute is located may assess the home county of an ‘outside’ student for a per capita share of the sponsoring county’s operating expenses.
Members of the Board of Supervisors and Utica city officials toured the local institute buildings early last month to familiarize themselves with the work being done there. Some of the members of the board have already come out publicly in favor of taking over a share of the cost of the institute in order to keep it in this area.
Evidence that area counties are interested in the project came, too, with a statement from Anthony Blasting, chairman of the Herkimer County Liberal Party, which he had released before it was known the Oneida County supervisors had set up the committee.
Following up on a request by the Oneida County Liberal Party to the board that they take action to retain the institute here, Blasting had this to say:
‘It seems unthinkable that the Oneida County Board of Supervisors would fail to continue this school. However, should they fail to act in behalf of the best interests of the area and the school is closed down, then the Herkimer County Liberal Party will present a resolution to the Herkimer County Board of Supervisors requesting them to invite the Institute to locate in Herkimer. The welfare of the community transcends petty politics and politicians. The Institute must be continued in either Oneida or Herkimer counties.’
The new legislation specifically provides for facilitating the conversion of the five temporary institutes of applied arts and sciences and the Troy Veterans Vocational School to permanent community colleges as part of the state university’s program.
They provide that:
1. The state will convey without cost existing facilities and equipment at each of the institutions and the Troy school to the municipality sponsoring the community college.
2. Students who are now in attendance will be permitted to complete their courses without cost to them or to the local sponsor of the community college. The state will assume this cost in full.
3. The county or city sponsoring the community college will be authorized to charge back its share of the operating costs for non-resident students to the home community of such students. So that there will be no delay in making these moneys available to the sponsoring community for operation of the colleges, the state will advance such funds for non-resident students in the first instance.
4. The training offered by these newly established community colleges will be similar to that now provided by the technical institutes.
Meanwhile, several communications have been received by Mayer, some for and others against county financial support for the institute.
George Bacienaikis, Maple St., Utica, is one of those opposed. He writes:
‘As a taxpayer and voter, the writer together with several hundred others from different parts of the city and county, is against the county assuming support of SUI. We think there are other matters more pressing at this time, for example:
1- Detention Home, $70,000.
2- Repairs to Court House, $15,000 to $17,000.
3- Taking over Steuben Pk. Armory from State, at undetermined amount.
Taking up the matter of maintenance of SUI,’ he continued, ‘do you realize that this involves the annual expending of about $110,000 to $115,000 and in the event of the one-third to be made up by students’ tuition is not enough, the county would have to make up the deficit.
Further more, we are not assured that the county’s one-third will not exceed the above figures. Three years ago the one-third would have been around $71,000.
In addition, many a graduate from their Retail Division has wound up in the Bendix Aviation Corporation, General Electric Co., the Chicago Pneumatic Tool Corporation, instead of in the field that their training would naturally land them.
This also applies to some of their other courses. Technical Division in particular. The writer knows of one instance where the graduate wound up with a concrete concern.
Furthermore the Utica College is covering much of the same ground, particularly in engineering and is doing a good job at no expense to the county.
The estimated tuition charge of $300 annually is not enough. The student, we understand, has an additional charge of $75 to $100 for books and other activities.
Don’t forget, finally, that there’s an election coming and we are all voters and believe that between the Board of Education which has gone crazy and the publicity attached to the SUI recently, it is time to call a halt and do a little sober thinking,” Bacienaikis concludes.
In support of the SUI proposition are members of the Brotherhood of Railway and Steamship Clerks, Freight Handlers, Express and Station Employees, Mohawk Local 2178, according to W.D. Feistal, corresponding secretary.
He writes that one Apr. 9, the lodge unanimously voted in favor of retaining the SUI in Oneida County, and that he was instructed ‘to advise to of this fact and to request your support of any measure which would make this possible.’
Another in support is the Utica Inter-Club Council, headed by President Kim Hart.
W.H. Conklin, 1209 Capital Ave., writes that he is heartily in favor of the county taking over the operation of SUI. He reports he attended the recent meeting in St. Francis de Sales Auditorium when the problem was discussed.
‘I was somewhat disappointed when most of the allotted time was spent discussing whether or not the taxpayers would be willing to assume the cost of preparation of the institution, which is estimated to be a mere 30 cents per $1,000 assessed valuation,’ he writes.
‘Everyone with whom I have talked seems in favor of the county taking over the operation of the school,’ he continues. ‘They believe that the cost of maintaining it would be a very minor consideration, but that the original investment in buildings, equipment, estimated at from $2 to $4 million, is the only feature that might be difficult to finance.’ ”

In May 1953, the College came under sponsorship of Oneida County, and changed its name to Mohawk Valley Technical Institute. A. Harold Mayer was chairman of the Board of Supervisors (there was no County Executive position). Dr. Albert Payne, head of the Technical Division at State Street location, was named the president in October. On April 14, 1953, the Oneida County Board of Supervisors appointed a Community College Committee, which recommended on May 6th that the Institute be continued as a community college. In May 1953, Paul Richardson resigned as Director. (On May 13, 1953, the Oneida County Board of Supervisors passed a resolution 41-1 to seek State University approval for creation of a community college to succeed the NYS Institute of Applied Arts & Sciences.) (Legislator Roberts was the lone “nay” vote.)

Text of resolution:

No. 114. Mr. THOMAS offered the following resolution and moved its adoption:

That necessary papers be executed for transfer of N.Y.S. Institute to Oneida County.

Whereas, the report of the Special Committee heretofore appointed on the continuation of the New York State Institute of Applied Arts & Sciences has heretofore been presented to this Board, now, therefore, be it

Resolved, That pursuant to Article 126 and Sections 5909 and 5910 of the Education Law, the County of Oneida sponsor and establish a community college, effective immediately, to succeed the State University of New York Institute of Applied Arts & Sciences at Utica, to provide post-high school technical training relating to the occupational needs of the County of Oneida, the character of training to be offered by such college to be maintained in conformance with, and limited to, the objects and purposes set forth in Section 5902 of the Education Law, upon the condition that (1) the Board of Trustees of State University of New York transfer to the County of Oneida without cost or matching contribution the property presently owned by the State and used in the operation of the aforementioned institute and (2) additional State financial aid be paid to the County of Oneida in such amounts as may be necessary to enable students enrolled in the aforementioned institute on the date of its discontinuance to complete their two-year courses of study in the County of Oneida successor community college without cost to them or to the County of Oneida, and be it further

Resolved, That this resolution be deemed to constitute a formal application by the County of Oneida to the Board of Trustees of State University of New York for approval by that Board of this application, and the Clerk of this Board is hereby directed to transmit a duly certified copy of this resolution to the President of the State University of New York, and be it further

Resolved, That the Chairman of this Board be, and he hereby is, authorized and directed to execute and deliver any necessary application or other necessary papers to fulfill the transfer of the present New York State Institute of Applied Arts and Sciences to Oneida County, effective immediately.
May 13, 1953

Resolution seconded and adopted, ayes 41, nay 1.

Ayes – Augustyn, Bartolotti, Bronson, Belden, Coleman, Collins, Comito, Converse, Dardano, Davis, Edwards, Evans, Ferguson, Getbehead, Gordecki, Haven, Henry, Joslyn, Karl, Kirch, Joswick, Mayer, Mayo, Morse, Murphy, McInrow, McLaughlin, Page, Pierce, Pillmore, Schuler, Taylor, Thomas, Thurston, Van Swall, Vatalaro, Watts, Wood, Williams, R., Williams, S., Zyla – 41

Nay – Roberts – 1.

On June 11, 1953, the SUNY Board of Trustees approved the request unanimously, moved by Mr. Greenman and seconded by Mrs. Donnelly. The resolution indicated that the State University temporary Institute of Applied Arts & Sciences at Utica would be terminated on August 31, 1953, and a community college sponsored by Oneida County would begin operation in September 1953. The resolution also called for transfer of capital assets to Oneida County. In July 1953, the Institute was re-named Mohawk Valley Technical Institute. (The name – Mohawk Valley Technical Institute – was proposed by Robert J. Thomas, a member of the Board of County Supervisors from New Hartford who chaired the Supervisors’ Committee on Institute Affairs, and was named to the MVTI Board of Trustees for a nine-year term.) In September 1953, Oneida County took over sponsorship, and Albert V. Payne was named Acting Director. (All these changes became effective Sept 1, 1953)

(Five temporary technical institutes located in Binghamton, Buffalo, Utica, White Plains and Brooklyn became community colleges. On April 9th, Broome Technical Community College was established. On May 18th, Erie County Technical Institute was established. On June 11th, Mohawk Valley Technical Institute and Westchester Community College were established, and on July 23rd, New York City Community College was established.)

(Also on April 9th, 1953, Auburn Community College was established; this later became Cayuga Community College. Corning Community College followed on December 18, 1956. In 1957, Bronx Community College was established on April 11th, followed by Dutchess Community College on June 8th.)

In 1953 (or 1952?), a Rome extension division was begun at Griffiss Air Force Base.

(Utica Daily Press, Sept 5, 1953) “More Than 50 Oaths Filed by Technical Instructors Under County’s Procedure” – An entirely new procedure which calls for all employees of the Mohawk Valley Technical Institute to file an oath of office, now is in force that the County of Oneida is sponsoring the institute.
More than 50 oaths have been filed thus far with County Clerk J. Bradbury German. In each instance the Institute employee solemnly swears to support the Constitution of the United States, and the Constitution of the State of New York.
The oath also includes: ‘I do further solemnly swear that I have not directly or indirectly paid, offered or promised to pay, contributed or offered or promised to contribute, any money or other valuable thing as a consideration or reward for the giving or withholding a vote at the election at which I was elected to said office, and have not made any promise to influence the giving or withholding any such vote.’
The oath is the same as those sworn to by other county elective and appointed officials and employees.
Those filing are:
Albert V. Payne, department head and acting director, New Hartford, RD 1; Leonard C. Swartz, assistant director for extension, 131 Osborne, Waterville; Seymour Eskow, department head, 1515 Kemble; Harold L. Burdick, department head, 21 Shaw.
Senior instructors: William Pulhamus, 17 Steuben, Holland Patent; Charles A. Higgerson, Fountain Street, Clinton; Milo W. Eames, 6 ½ Allport, New Hartford.
Instructors: George Abdoo, 328 Lomond Pl.; James F. Bachman, 1221 Glenvove Road, Syracuse; Warren A. Chamberlain, Sauquoit; Roderick B. Douglass, 26 Richardson; Richard S. Eno, 1668 Miller; Sara G. Gibson, 1023 Brinckerhoff; Charles F. Green, 1204 Green; Louis F. Haage, Seneca Turnpike, Clinton; Nellie M. Hubbell, 1508 Genesee; Lester R. Henry, 571 State; Mary K. Hubbard, 2 Longfellow Dr., New Hartford.
Also, Joseph A. Kessler, Sauquoit, RD 2; Clarence R. King, 30 Marvin, Clinton; Nicholas A. Kinney, Frankfort, RD 1; Roy L. Mitchell, 1613 St. Jane; Pauline A. Ryan, 22 Faxton; Harold M. Simon, 15 Hillside, New Hartford; Willard J. Sauter, Clinton, RD; Charles E. Schmidt, 1649 Miller; Philip C. Vogel, 205 Roosevelt Dr.; Edwin G. Warner, Wilcox Road, Whitesboro; Rudolph F. Wedow, 12 Chestnut, Clinton.
Junior instructors: H. Barton Olson, 23 Elm, Clinton; Florence M. Mason, 105 Lynbrook, De Witt; Jean E. Lyon, 1422 Neilson; James W. Gair, 417 French Road; William L. Crew, 11 ½ Elm, Clinton; Charles D. Croft, 40 Benton Circle; Lizbeth M. Bohannon, 2639 Genesee.
Norva Rae Havens, 1010 Steuben, junior librarian; Marguerite C. Odell, 13 Elmhurst, New Hartford, senior stenographer; Charles J. Doliva, 307 Columbia, carpenter; Ralph R. Pryputniewicz, 129 Oxford Road, New Hartford, general mechanic.
Stenographers: Marion Behr, 435 Spratt; Margaret M. Brunett, 11 Cooper, Yorkville; Rosella L. Schrempf, 4 Floyd; Dorothy M. Southard, 19 Grant; H. June Wilt, 109 Lowell.
Janitors: Eugene A. Potter, 1 Seneca Turnpike, New Hartford, supervising; Lyman Skinner, 109 Addington; Wallace G. Wynn, 32 Brookline; Berton Merklinger, 15 Potter, New York Mils; Salvatore Fanelli, 317 Jefferson; Henry F. Delpho, 2 Oakdale, Whitesboro.

(July 15, 1954, Observer-Dispatch) “… The Board (of supervisors) approved a resolution… which renewed the leases on the former Country Day School in New Hartford and the mill property in State Street, for MVTI. Both leases are for one year and will terminate on August 31, 1955. The Utica Mutual Insurance Company will received $20,000 for the New Hartford quarters while the Utica-State Street Corporation will received $22,714 for the location in Utica…”

(Nov. 17, 1954, Utica Daily Press) – “Parkway Land May Be Asked for Institute – A request that the county acquire title to city-owned land on the Parkway, and use the large tract for the purposes of the Mohawk Valley Technical Institute, is expected to be approved next Wednesday by the Oneida County Board of Supervisors.
Chairman Robert Thomas of the Supervisors’ MVTI committee said the trustees of the MVTI has adopted and has filed with the board a resolution containing the request.
In the trustees’ resolution it is pointed out the city-owned Parkway property is excellent for a permanent campus. In addition, attention is called to the inadequateness of the present facilities.
In addition to asking the county to acquire the property from the city, the trustees also seek authorization from the supervisors to make a study to determine costs of building permanent buildings for the institute. Chairman Frederic W. Roedel of the MVTI trustees, in a letter received by Chairman A. Herold Mayer of the Board of Supervisors, pointed out that MVTI has been in existence for eight years, and that during this time it has become well established as an institution providing two years of low-cost technical education to high school graduates and training for adults employed in business and industry in Oneida County.
‘At the present time the institute is housed in two buildings approximately four miles apart,’ said Roedel. ‘One of these buildings is an old textile mill located on State St. in Utica, and the other is in New Hartford and formerly was used as a country day school and now is about 35 years old.’
The rent of these two buildings is $43,000 per year. In addition to the payment of rent the Institute is responsible for the cost of maintaining the building at New Hartford, which is several thousand dollars a year.
‘As time passes the cost definitely will become higher’ said Roedel. ‘Substantial additional costs result from the fact that it is necessary to maintain duplicate services.’
These include janitor, maintenance, secretarial, telephone, and cafeteria services, and a conservative estimate of the cost of occupying the present facilities is $55,000, it was said.
Apart from the high cost of occupying these two buildings, there are many other disadvantages, Roedel added. At times the problems of administration become very great, and it is extremely difficult for the administration to develop among faculty a sense of unity and common purpose.’
Technical students located in the State Street Building has to travel all the way to New Hartford in order to participate in any athletic and recreational activities….
‘As a consequence of an increase of courses offered by the Institute,’ said Roedel, ‘and a tremendous increase in the number of high school graduates during the next few years, the Board of Trustees of the Institute believe that enrollment soon will expand to the point where existing facilities no longer will be adequate.’
Mayor Golder anticipated the value of the Institute to the community eight years ago when he took steps to obtain a clear title to the land on the Parkway as a permanent site for the Institute.’

(Utica Newspapers, June 16, 1955) – “Board to Ask for City Land in Sherman Dr. – Oneida County’s Board of Supervisors yesterday decided it would request from the City of Utica the 79.68 acres off Sherman Drive which the city earmarked for the housing of the Mohawk Valley Technical Institute.
The resolution, introduced by Supervisor Robert J. Thomas (R-New Hartford) referred to an ordinance passed by the Utica Common Council authorizing the city to sell the property to the county for $1.
Supervisor G. Carl Morse (D-Vienna) called on the county attorney, Pirnie Pritchard, to assure the board that passage of this resolution would not commit the board to build a school on the property. Pritchard replied that the deed would undoubtedly provide that in the event a school was not built on the land it would revert to the city. …”

(October 21, 1955, Utica Daily Press) – “City Land Transfer Seen As ‘Big Step’ For Campus of MVTI – Deeds for the transfer of 80 acres of land in the Parkway-Sherman Drive area from the City of Utica to Oneida County will be signed today in a move regarded as a big step towards establishment of a permanent campus for Mohawk Valley Technical Institute.
Transfer of the site – for $1 – will clear the way for MVTI officials to ask the Board of Supervisors for funds to hire an architect to draft plans for a new school plant and determine costs.
Albert V. Payne, president of the school, said last night he hopes the MVTI board of trustees decides at a meeting next month to ask the county board for the funds. Selection of the architect will be made by the school’s nine-member board of trustees, he added.
Payne pointed out that the state will match the county dollar for dollar in the financing of the new facilities. Although the county will receive the 80 acres for $1, the state will match the actual value of the land, he said.
The land already has been appraised by state officials, Payne reported, but their findings will not be made public until next month. The board of trustees of the State University must approve the site and the appraisal, he explained.
Payne declined to give a preliminary estimate of the over-all cost of the new campus. Cost estimates will depend on designs drafted by the architect, he said.
The deeds for the transfer will be signed at a meeting in Mayor Golder’s office at 2 this afternoon. The city purchased the Armory Drive land eight years ago as a site for MVTI, and Mayor Golder has said the property will be ‘the city’s contribution’ to the institute.
Enabling legislation authorizing the county to acquire the site was passed by the 1955 State Legislature…..”
(NOTE – The City had paid $52,800 for the land eight years earlier.)

(November 17, 1955 – Utica Daily Press) – “Supervisors Pass MVTI Campus Study by Minimum 26-17 – GOP Asks Action, Democrats Thrift – The Board of Supervisors, by a single vote, yesterday paved the way for early constructions of a new campus for Mohawk Valley Technical Institute.
The board, voting 26-17, approved a resolution calling for drawing up plans and estimating cost of the project. Minimum total of votes needed in 26. Approval was of a preliminary study.
The resolution was the target of debate, with many Democrats adhering to Minority Leader G. Carl Morse’s stand that the county not be too hasty in spending taxpayers’ money, and Republicans contending that if Oneida County is to progress, it must act immediately.
The debate came as a surprise because earlier two resolutions- one conveying title to the Steuben Park Infantry Armory from the county to Utica, and the second conveying title to the city owned Parkway property to the county for educational purposes – were approved unanimously.
The Armory site includes property on Rutger St., bounded by West and Steuben Sts. The city will pay $1. The county got the armory from the state after it was abandoned by the National Guard. Last winter the Legislature authorized the county to deed it to the city.
The other end of the ‘swap’ was the conveyance of 79.68 acres of land owned by the city and located on Sherman Drive, Armory Drive and the Parkway, to the county for $1.
This deed, however, will include the provision that unless the county within ten years from this Oct. 21, does not commence actual erection of buildings to be used for educational purposes, then the deed shall be nullified and the title revert to the city.
The conveyance also contains the provision that the property is to be used ‘only for educational purposes.’
The resolution under attack was presented by Robert Thomas, R, New Hartford. He pointed out trustees of MVTI has asked that they be authorized to hire an architect to make preliminary plans and an estimate of cost on the 79.68 acre site. Cost of the service was estimated at $20,000 of which the state will pay $10,000.
There was also a provision that ‘any fees paid to the architect on any preliminary plans and specifications shall be credited on any bill the architect might have if, and in case buildings are erected by the county.’
Morse waxed the debate by pointed (sic) out that due to repairs which must be made to the Court House Building in Utica, coupled with the fact that the new equalization rates will add to the tax burden on the townships, and that the welfare budget for 1956 is up from the current year, ‘we should delay this matter until we determine what it will cost.’
Gordon W. Hathaway, R, 15th Ward, said that while he agreed in many respects with Morse, ‘at the same time if we are going to bring industry here we have got to prepare now. The establishment of a permanent institute is a step toward this. We are short of engineers and we must meet this challenge.’
‘It is true that we have buildings to fix up,’ he continued, ‘but the enrollment at MVTI is on the rise and we must meet that challenge also. We are faced with the proposition of acting now or leasing additional facilities to accommodate the expanding enrollment.’
Board Chairman A. Harold Mayer entered into the debate by pointing out that the county now is paying an enormous amount each year in rent for facilities in State St. and New Hartford. ‘This sum easily could be applied toward the new buildings and would be sufficient to pay off the bond issue and interest,’ he said.
Morse then pointed out that Syracuse University by 1960 plans to have a permanent four-year institution, complete with campus, and will be prepared to teach any course, including industrial courses.
‘Understand,’ he said, I’m not against education, but I wonder if we aren’t moving too fast. Will the people in the county be able to absorb the additional burden(?) I suggest that we continue with the arrangement we now have.’
Peter Karl, Jr., R, 12th Ward, contended many students seeking a two year course would not go to Utica College. He contended there is a place in the community for both Utica College and MVTI, pointing out the (sic) MVTI would train much needed technicians. ‘We should go forward, not backward,’ he said.
Morse countered by pointing out that Utica College already has a two-year course, and repeated ‘Let’s continue with the present plan. Let’s be cautious against speed, at least until 1960.’ He said he was opposed to ‘imposing a tax that the people cannot afford.’
Mayer explained the cost of MVTI is shared equally by the state, county and students, that other counties sending students here, pay their third share.
J. Henry Roberts, D., Rome, contended that in some instances there is double assessment particularly when a student pays tuition and his father pays realty taxes.
Henry Rizzuto, D., Rome, said he was not against education but was opposed to hasty action. He said the bond issue would reflect in the tax rate. He suggested the resolution be tabled for 30 or 60 days.
Belden, one of the several Democrats supporting the resolution, stated ‘In the course of my work as a public accountant, it has been my privilege to perform services for many of the industries throughout this area who employ graduates from MVTI.
‘I believe that this institution renders a valuable service to this community and we should not do anything that might jeopardize its position as a valuable institution for technical training.’
Mayer concluded the debate by pointing out that the resolution already has been delayed a long time. One of the reasons was that the board previously voted to postpone action until the county obtained the deed to the Parkway area property.
The vote:
For – Augustyn, Belden, Brazie, Burch, Collins, Converse, Evans, Getbehead, Hathaway, Jones, Joslyn, Karl, Kelly, Kirch, Mayer, McLaughlin, Pillmore, Schuler, Sexton, Thomas, VanSwall, Ward, Wasmund, Watts, Wood (26).
Against – Coleman, Fiore, Flint, Guzik, Joswick, Lachut, Maloney, McInrow, Morse, Murphy, Rees, Rizzuto, Robetr,s Taylor, Trino, Vatalaro, Zyla (17).
Absent – Backer, Dardano, Haven, Lawrence, Page, Pierce, Thurston (7).

January 12, 1956 – The SUNY Board of Trustees approved an 80-acre tract in the Armory Drive-Sherman Drive area (Utica) as the site for a Mohawk Valley Technical Institute campus.

In January 1956, the SUNY Board of Trustees and the City of Utica agreed that the land identified for the new MVTI campus was valued at $240,520. The property was transferred (in November 1955) from the City to Oneida County as a gift, and represented part of the County’s share in the capital costs of establishing the campus.

March 8, 1956 – Oneida County and MVTI entered into a contract with Bice & Baird (Utica) and Edward Durell Stone, architects, for development of the Utica Campus. (See Buildings for details)

(June 21, 1956, Utica Observer-Dispatch) – “Committee Proposed Engineering College at MVTI – Urges College at MVTI For Engineers – The special committee named some time ago by former Mayor Golder to consider the establishment of an engineering college in Oneida County yesterday recommended that the curriculum of Mohawk Valley Technical Institute be extended to include a four-year, degree-granting engineering college.
Accompanying the recommendation, which was made to the Oneida County Board of Supervisors, was a detailed cost estimate of $1,513,140 for the engineering college.
Architects are preparing plans and preparing plans and specifications for a new building for the county-operated Mohawk Valley Technical Institute which is now housed in the old Country Day School buildings. At the time the Board of Supervisors authorized the preparation of these plans, it was estimated that the cost of the new building would be about two and a half million dollars.
It is not certain whether the recommendation for an added engineering college with facilities costing another million and a half means that the total cost will be four million dollars. Some of the facilities and costs could be dovetailed in together, it is believed.
Much of the cost of building and maintaining the Institute would be borne by the state and by the students through their tuition payments.
The committee, which met yesterday in the French Road Plant of the General Electric Co, represents county governing bodies and private and public firms interested in alleviating the growing engineer shortage. Harry Davis, technical director of the Rome Air Development Center, and chairman of the committee, presided.
A subcommittee of the group considered several alternative ways to establish the engineering school:
Through the state; Through Utica College of Syracuse University; Through a contract college at graduate level, or through MVTI under the State Community College Plan. The second and third proposals were made by Dean Strebel of Utica College.
The subcommittee, according to Davis, discarded the idea of a private school, such as would be envisioned by one of the Utica College plans, because such an institution would attract ‘about 26 to 30 students’ because of the tuition costs. Establishment of a public college is ‘not realistic,’ the chairman stated, because this area is not high enough on the state priority system.
A Community College, such as MVTI, would be economically feasible because it would attract ‘about 110 students,’ the subcommittee reported. This would mean tuition costs of ‘approximately $400’ to the student, with both the state and county contributing a like amount.
A resolution, introduced by Alderman Robert F. Lynch (R-15) and seconded by Harold Hymes, executive secretary to Mayor McKennan and attending on behalf of the mayor, recommended:
‘The Oneida County Board of Supervisors authorize the Board of Trustees and the President of MVTI to take all preliminary steps necessary to bring about the extension of the (community college) curriculum to include a four-year degree granting engineering college with a curriculum limited in scope to electrical, mechanical, metallurgical and general engineering courses, and
‘That this committee continue in existence in order to assist in any way possible’ the president of MVTI and the Supervisors in ‘attaining the establishment of said engineering college.’
The $1 ½ - million cost of such an institution would be shared, half by the county and half by the state. The county’s share would probably be raised by a bond issue. The Board of Supervisors may consider the resolution at its July meeting….”

(Dec. 26, 1956, Rome Dailt Sentinel) – “C-C ‘Holds Strong Interest’ in Plan For MVTI Campus Near Battlefield – The Rome Chamber of Commerce ‘holds a strong interest’ in the proposal to locate the new Mohawk Valley Technical Institute campus opposite the Oriskany Battlefield and ‘will take whatever steps will be helpful to the development of better educational facilities in our county,’ the Chamber president, John H. Eikenberg, said today.
His statement followed confirmation by Harold V. Kirch, Camden, chairman of the Board of Supervisors, that the proposal to purchase land opposite the battlefield located on the Rome-Stanwix-Utica Rd., will be considered by the Board in the near future.
‘On the basis of the knowledge currently at our disposal we feel this is a fine move and in the best interest of all the localities in Oneida County,’ Eikenberg said, adding that ‘in addition to the immediate benefits of this central location this move opens up a potential for the establishment of engineering college facilities on the MVTI campus.’
‘The Rome Chamber holds a strong interest in this move and its significance to the future of our area. We intend to follow it closely and take whatever steps will be helpful to the development of better educational facilities in the county.’
The 130-acre tract on Route 69, Kirch said, has at least half a mile of highway frontage and would provide ample room for possible future expansion.
Although the Board chairman declined to identify the sponsors of the proposal, he pointed out that they feel a location near the center of Oneida County would be more desirable than a Utica site at the eastern end of the county.
The Oriskany plan would replace one, under consideration for several years, for building a complete campus on the Armory Drive site in Utica which was conveyed to the county by the City of Utica for that purpose.
Backers of the new proposal, Kirch said, feel that as MVTI is supported by the entire county, its location near the geographical center of the county is preferable, even if the original cost were a little more. The property was formerly part of the Ringrose estate and is now owned by Mr. and Mrs. Joseph P. Donahue.
The chairman said he could not give a cost estimate on the Oriskany land purchase….”
(NOTE: Eikenberg was a member of the MVTI Board of Trustees at the time of this debate.)

(December 28, 1956, Observer-Dispatch) – “County ‘Out’ $195,000 If Oriskany Gets MVTI – Approval of the site opposite the Oriskany Battlefield for the permanent campus of Mohawk Valley Technical Institute would mean that New York State would contribute about $195,000 less toward the new campus, it was learned last night.
An Armory Drive site, approved by the State University as the site for the campus, was valued at $240,000 by state appraisers. For capital costs, the state matches funds with the local sponsor, in this case, Oneida County.
While the City of Utica deeded the 80-acre Armory Dr. site to the county for a token fee, stipulating that the land must be used for erection of buildings for educational purposes, the site has been appraised at $240,000 and the state would match that amount.
If the Oriskany site were approved for the reported option price of $45,000, the state could only match it at its value, an authoritative source pointed out. This would mean the state’s share would be about $195,000 less.
Chairman of the Board of Supervisors Harold Kirch, Camden, said that it was very important not to get the campus in the right site. The Oriskany site, he said, was one which would allow expansion later. He reminded that it would cost about $25,000 to obtain more lots needed at the Armory-Sherman Dr. location.
Asked if the monetary difference in the matching funds for the two sites would still not be too great, Kirch said it might not be as large as some anticipate. He said a state appraisal of the Oriskany site would have to be made before an accurate comparison could be made.
Kirch said those considering the Oriskany site were not trying to ‘shove the idea down people’s throats, but said all the people of the county should have a voice in deciding where the institute would go. ‘We’re just playing with the idea,’ he pointed out.
He said State University approval, approval by the MVTI Board of Trustees, and by the Supervisor’s Ways and Means and MVTI Committees would be needed before the site could become official. In any case, he said, it would be ‘a long, drawn out affair.’
Kirch said the Oriskany site was a beautiful one, with room for expansion and no one could build opposite it, because of the state Battlefield property there.
It was also learned that the reported option price on the Oriskany property was about $21,000 more than the amount for which the plot was sold to its present owner. The deed was executed about a month ago.
According to a deed recorded in the County Clerk’s office, Joseph Donahue, 410 Utica Rd., purchased the property, totaling about 123.33 acres, from Francis Reid Se., Oriskany Rd. the deed being executed Nov. 29 and filed in the clerk’s office Dec. 3.
Tax stamps on the deed totaled $26.40, indicating that the purchase price was $24,000. Reid later confirmed this price. It was reported that the county has an option on the site for $45,000.
There is also on file in the clerk’s office a purchase mortgage, which Donahue gave Reid, in the amount of $14,000. The mortgage specifies payment in one year, plus five per cent interest.
Attorney Frederick Turner, Clinton, representing Donahue, said the two men are brothers-in-law. Donahue, he said, lived near the farm property and has known it for 40 years.
Asked if his client knew the county might be interested in the land before he purchased it, Turner said, ‘He (Donahue) had no knowledge from any source that the county was at all interested in the property.’
‘It was just one of those fortunate things,’ he stated.
Turner said Donahue bought the property as an investment, thinking perhaps he would remodel the farm house into apartments and had even considered moving there himself.
Reid said he did not know whether Donahue knew of the possibility of a county option at the time he sold the property. He said he didn’t think Donahue had been interested in the site a long time, commenting that nobody was interested in it, as far as he knew. Reid said he was ‘quite surprised’ when he heard the news that it might become a site for the campus. Reid had inherited the property from the Ringrose estate.
Kirch said those seeking the option were trying to get one at the time of the sale, and that it was finally obtained Dec. 1.
He said the $45,000 was the asking price now, and that the purchase of the property by Donahue was good business, as building lots on the highway could sell for $1,000 to $1,500. He said there were ‘For Sale’ signs along the highway now, but that he didn’t think the lots could be sold while the county had the right of option.
When asked yesterday who had proposed taking an option on the Oriskany site, Kirch replied, ‘Some of the supervisors,’ but refused to identify them.
Kirch, asked if it would not be expensive to make new plans for the Oriskany campus when plans already were under way by Bice & Baird, Utica architects, for the Utica location, replied that the plans could be changed without too much trouble or expense.
‘How do you feel about the Oriskany site yourself?’ Kirch was asked.
‘I think it is a very good site,’ he replied. ‘But I think it is a better idea to put it up to the people to make the decision.’…
Because Oriskany is part of the town of Whitestown, Leo Augustyn, supervisor of that town, was asked what he knew about the Oriskany site.
‘Did you propose the new location in Oriskany?’ Augustyn was asked.
‘You might expect that I would try to get all I can for the Town of Whitestown,’ he replied.
Augustyn said the matter had been discussed by a few of the supervisors for about a month and a half, ‘but we didn’t consult anybody until the option was obtained two or three weeks ago.’ ”

(Utica Newspapers – approximately same date as above) “Mayor Opposes MVTI Shift, Says City Facilities Better; Loss of $195,000 Aid Cited – Mayor McKennan this morning voiced opposition to the proposed plan to build the new Mohawk Valley Technical Institute near the Oriskany Battlefield.
He said the Utica site on which construction plans had already been started has been approved by State University trustees and that it is costing the county nothing.
His statement came close on the revelation that Oneida County would lose about $195,000 in state aid for MVTI if the proposed site at Oriskany is chosen for a campus.
The mayor’s statement:
‘In all probability, most of the students of the Mohawk Valley Technical Institute will be residents of the Greater Utica area. Utica has better facilities than any other place in Oneida County for such a college campus.
‘Among other advantages, this city will have an auditorium and stadium within the next few years, and these could be used by MVTI.’
‘In view of the fact that the 80-acrea Utica tract has been conveyed to the County by the City of Utica without cost and that the trustees of the University of the State of New York have approved the Utica site, it would seem to me that this move to set up an MVTI campus near the Oriskany Battlefield will only serve to prevent the early establishment of a four-year engineering college which is so vital to the continued industrial growth of this area.’
The loss of state aid would come about because Oneida County would get only the $45,000 option price of the Oriskany property instead of the $240,000 appraised value of the Utica site in Armory Drive under the arrangement whereby the state matches funds contributed by the sponsoring body for such construction.
In addition, the county would be out-of-pocket the amount paid for the Oriskany site, whereas the Utica site was given to the county for only $1 on condition that the Institute be built there within 10 years….”

(Dec. 28, 1956, Utica Daily Press) – “Not Consulted About Shifting MVTI Campus Site, Dean Says – The executive dean for institutes and community colleges, State University of New York, last night said he had not been consulted in consideration of any site for new buildings of Mohawk Valley Technical Institute, other than the Armory Dr. site already approved.
Dean Lawrence L. Jarvie, Albany, joined MVTI President Albert V. Payne and Chairman of the Board of Trustees Willis V. Daugherty, in disclaiming any prior knowledge of a move under way to consider a site opposite the Oriskany Battlefield….”

(Dec. 29, 1956, Utica Daily Press editorial) – “Utica Site Best for MVTI – Members of the Oneida County Board of Supervisors are a pretty smart bunch of men, and we’re confident that they will take a long, hard and skeptical look at this proposal to switch the Mohawk Valley Technical Institute campus site from Utica to Oriskany.
Aside from the fact that the switch would cost county taxpayers at least $195,000 extra, there are other things that would seem to make the 130-acre plot across from Oriskany Battlefield undesirable for educational purposes.
It is between the Oneida County airport and Griffiss Air Force base in an area that is likely to become pretty noisy with an increasing number of passenger planes, B-52 jet bombers and jet fighters zooming overhead.
Where would the students live? Dormitories would be required for those not within commuting distance. And students without cars would be at a disadvantage in getting back and forth to school and to and from part-time jobs in Utica or Rome.
They would be remote from Utica’s sports arena and auditorium and stadium, which they presumably would want to use, or patronize, unless the county chose to provide similar and expensive installations on the Oriskany campus.
One of the arguments being used for the Oriskany site is that the Utica site, consisting of 80 acres on Armory Drive, is too small. The Oriskany site, it is said, would provide room for expansion. On the other hand, there is plenty of expert opinion that 80 acres is sufficient for the institute’s needs for years to come.
The City of Utica bought and paid for the Armory Dr. site and sold it to the county for a dollar. If the county doesn’t build an institute there title will revert to the city. The state has appraised it at $240,000, which means the county will get credit for that amount in matching costs of a new institute campus and buildings with the state. If the county buys the Oriskany site at the option price of $40,000, that’s about all the credit it will get in matching costs, which would mean county taxpayers would be billed for $195,000 additional as its share of total costs.
It seems strange that county officials would talk about buying the Oriskany site and even take an option on it without even consulting MVTI trustees or State University officials who must approve sites.
It also is strange, but perhaps coincidental, that the owners who have given the county an option to buy the Oriskany site for $45,000 acquired it less than a month ago. They paid $24,000 for it. Their attorney says, however, that they had no inkling at the time that the county might be interested in buying it.
As we get it, news of the Oriskany purchase proposal was put out this week as a trial balloon to get public reaction in advance of the Board of Supervisors mid-January meeting. Already adverse public opinion is punctuating it. And well it should.”

(January 3, 1957, Utica Daily Press) – “MVTI MOVE TO ORISKANY DROPPED, KIRCH SAYS – City Site Vote Due Jan. 16th – Harold V. Kirch, Camden, Oneida County Board of Supervisors chairman, yesterday made it clear that any plans for the shifting of the Mohawk Valley Technical Institute campus to a 124-acre tract opposite Oriskany Battlefield, in the Town of Whitestown, have been discarded.
A resolution which would authorize the permanent establishment of MVTI in new buildings to be located on the Armory Dr. site in the City of Utica, is expected to be presented to the board of supervisors at its next meeting, Jan. 16th, Kirch said.
The Institute’s board of trustees met yesterday and concurred with Kirch’s statement.
Willis V. Daugherty, president of the MVTI board, revealed in a statement issued after the meeting that architects’ plans and estimates are ready for presentation to the board.
‘The board of trustees of MVTI concur in the statement of the chairman of the Board of Supervisors of Oneida County in the choice of the Armory Dr. site of the new campus and buildings for MVTI,’ the trustees’ statement read.
‘The architects’ plans and estimates are ready for presentation to the Board of Supervisors at its meeting on Jan. 16.’
‘It is hoped the necessary action will be taken by the Board of Supervisors at this meeting to authorize the trustees to proceed with the construction of the new campus for MVTI.’
‘It is the unanimous purpose of the trustees of MVTI to expedite in every way possible the completion of this most urgently needed facility for the education of our girls and boys. In the fall of 1957, present indications are, that as many as 300 applicants may be turned away for lack of sufficient facilities,’ the statement concluded.
Kirch said that since Dec. 25, when the first announcement was published that consideration was being given toward locating the campus near Oriskany, it has been determined after careful analysis that the Armory Dr. site is the better of the two.
A.H, Mayer, Durhamville, chairman of the Supervisors’ Community College Committee, said last night that the committee had not yet met formally on the question, but that he is in favor of the Armory Dr. site.
‘And,’ he added, ‘I don’t think there are many on the committee who feel we should change this site.’
Mayor MeKennan issued a statement for the Armory Dr. site, which already has been given state approval, and last night Common Council unanimously passed a resolution favoring the Utica site. Council Minority Leader Robert Lynch introduced it….”

(Jan. 6, 1957, Utica Observer-Dispatch) – “Daugherty Cites Soviet Challenge – Stresses Technical Education – The importance of higher education, especially in the technological field, is stressed by Willis V. Daugherty, president of the Mohawk Valley Technical Institute Board of Trustees, in a special article released yesterday,
Daugherty, who is also president of the Utica Drop Forge and Tool Company, presents an enlightening comparison of educational programs in America with those in Russia.
His article:
‘We have all been made aware of Russia’s superiority to the United States in the number of scientific and engineering graduates turned out annually. The Soviets are currently graduating 53,000 engineers per year – to our 20,000.
The U.S. is ill-prepared to compete with the Soviet Union’s policy of ‘technological imperialism’ with which it is trying to take control of Asia and the Middle East.
A few months ago, speaking to a group of executives in Utica, Dr. Alfred Neal, the President of the Committee for Economic Development, pointed out that the U.S. is in a technological and production war with Russia now, and that, at the present rate of increase of Soviet output, we in the U.S. will find ourselves surpassed by Russia within 10 to 15 years.
Russian scientists and engineers are the key to this rapid progress in overtaking our technical knowledge and productive capacities.
An important but little-known factor in this drive for ‘technological imperialism’ is the Soviet Tekhnikum. These institutions have an interesting implication for the people of Oneida County, for we are among the few in our nation who are making any effort to meet their challenge directly.
Writing in the December issue of ‘Coronet,’ William Benton, former U.S. Senator from Connecticut, describes these institutions in his article, ‘The Soviet Tekhnikum – Ominous Threat to the West.’ The Soviet Tekhnikums are two-year vocational colleges designed to train junior engineers and technicians for industry. They number more than 1,000 and enroll some 2,500 sudents, all holding state scholarships and all dedicated to scientific service for the state.
Added to the Russian output of graduate engineers, these Tekhnikum-trained junior engineers are, in truth, an ominous threat to the West.
How does this Tekhnikum program of the Russians concern the residents of Oneida County? It concerns us because we have right here one of the few counterparts in the U.S. of the Soviet Tekhnikum – the Mohawk Valley Technical Institute.
Although forced to operate in two widely-separated, rented buildings, inadequate and in poor repair, MVTI, in spite of this handicap, is training about 500 boys and girls to become technicians in electronics, mechanical and machine shops, metallurgy, retail trades, banking and insurance. This is solid accomplishment of which we may all be proud.
These students are at MVTI because they are Americans, and because they choose to be, not as in Russia, because the state told them to go there. Our students are serious, hard-working boys and girls who have purpose and a goal. They get jobs on graduation and make good. MVTI graduates are in demand. Several local industries sponsor scholarships in the hope of securing some of these young graduates each year. More than one company has offered to employ the entire graduating class in electronics next June. This can’t happen, but the offer illustrates the demand for our graduates.
Yet, judging by present applications for admissions, we may be forced to turn away good students next fall for lack of a place for them – while Russia establishes new Tekhnikums regularly and even makes a gift of one, completely staffed by Russians, to Burma.
Can we turn our boys and girls away? And if we do, where can they go?
Yearly, some 20,000 boys and girls of New York State go out of the state seeking higher education. New York State schools and colleges cannot accommodate them. Before long the other states, faced with more high school graduates of their own, may well refuse admission to our students. We in Oneida County must do our share. We must expand our facilities to care for our own students.
The Oneida County Board of Supervisors is being asked to appropriate some $1,650,000 as our share in the cost of a campus and new buildings for MVTI to accommodate 1,000 students now and to provide for future requirements. The State of New York is willing and ready to put up the balance of the cost, or $1,950,000.
The cost of operation of MVTI charged to Oneida County is small, about $80,000 in 1956. Under the Community College Law the student pays one-third, New York State one-third, and Oneida County one-third of the cost of Oneida County students. The costs for students from other counties is borne by their home counties.
Utica and Rome have been most successful in attracting new industries. These new plants – General Electric, Utica Drop Forge Division of Kelsey-Hayes, Sperry Rand, Chicago Pneumatic – offer many new opportunities to our youngsters. But they must be trained, and that’s where our opportunity comes in. We must not let them down. Nor can we let down the industries we’ve sold on Oneida County.
We talk a lot about democracy and freedom. Freedom has its obligations too. Educating the next generation to carry on more successfully than we have is one of them.”

(Jan. 16, 1957, Utica Daily Press editorial) – “MVTI Important to Industries – Yesterday’s announcement that the Utica Drop Forge & Tool Division of the Kelsey-Hayes Company plans to build a new multi-million dollar plant to house its Vacuum Metals division is another industry expansion that has a bearing on MVTI’s need for permanent and larger buildings.
This is one of the firms that uses MVTI-trained technicians. It and some other industries have special need for metallurgical technicians, a field into which MVTI is planning to expand.
This plant is being built because Kelsey-Hayes officials have faith in the future of Greater Utica. And that includes faith that the area will have facilities to train people in the skills its operations require.”

(Jan. 16, 1957, Utica Daily Press) – “Chamber Directors Urge Construction of MVTI Facility – Immediate construction of a new campus for Mohawk Valley Technical Institute is urged by the Board of Directors of the Utica Chamber of Commerce.
This action was unanimously approved at a meeting of the directors yesterday, and a copy of this resolution was received later by Chairman Harold V. Kirch of the Board of Supervisors.
‘Resolved that the Board of Supervisors of Oneida County is urged to authorize the immediate construction of a new campus for the MVTI in cooperation with the State of New York on the site provided by the City of Utica in order that residents of New York State, and in particular of Central New York can receive specialized training to accept positions in the expanding industrial, retail, banking and insurance firms of our area.’
Meantime Supervisors have received more letters from civic and industrial leaders urging construction of the proposed campus.
The Mohawk Valley Technical Institute ‘is of immense value to our community, performing an educational job especially important to a large number of citizens in the Utica-Rome area who desire to be a part of its vast industrial growth.’
This is the opinion of Charles A. Cooper, general manager of the Bossert Division, Rockwell Spring & Axle Co., in relation to the proposed expansion of MVTI’s facilities which call for the construction of a new campus and buildings on the Armory Dr. site.
Today, a resolution authorizing the board of trustees of MVTI to proceed with the construction of the new campus on Armory Dr. is scheduled to be prepared by the Board of Supervisors’ community college committee.
‘The tangible value of this particular educational program,’ Cooper continued, ‘is best evidenced by the wonderful work performed by the young men with whom we have been associated under the MVTI cooperative educational program involving three months study at the institute, then three months actual work in industry.
‘A real educational job is being done,’ Cooper said. ‘To do better, additional facilities are required – let’s expand these facilities right now so that the people of this area may take advantage of the opportunities offered by area industries and so that we may further a particular type of educational program for our people required by these industries so that they may grow and make our community one with continuous prosperity.’
Views to the importance of MVTI’s future also were expressed by many other area industrial and civic leaders. They include:
H.F. Konig, general manager of General Electric’s Light Military Electronic Equipment Department:
‘Right now, at Light Military Electronic Equipment Department there are 59 MVTI graduates on our payrolls,’ he said. ‘This does not include various trainees from the institute, or the great many of our employees who are taking courses after working hours.’
‘We at LMEE are proud of these employees and trainees who could not be performing important assignments with us if it were not for MVTI training they received.’
Konig also pointed to the higher standard of living resulting from ‘our new found industries’ and stressed that continued growth of these industries depends upon the flow of properly trained manpower.
It also was noted that Utica College is working hard to fill local industry’s liberal arts requirements.
‘However,’ Konig said, ‘the strain on MVTI to fill the vocational demand has their facilities at the breaking point. It is reported that with nearly 700 students at MVTI, present facilities are already overburdened. Many more students are expected as a result of urging by school counselors, business and industry.
‘We feel that the need to provide adequate buildings for MVTI supersedes all other considerations involved in meeting increasing demands for trained vocational manpower at LMEE and all industry,’ Konig said.
David H. Lurie, Mutual Investment Funds: ‘No doubt you were just as disturbed as I when I read in a current issue of ‘Newsweek’ about the tremendous shortage of space in our colleges and universities for the ever increasing freshmen classes.
‘Three million boys and girls today will become 12 million in 1977,’ he said. ‘This great land of opportunity will have to quadruple the capacity of our colleges, or will have to deny to future generations the opportunities inherent in a college education.’
‘It is gratifying to know that at least here in Utica,’ he continued, ‘something is being done about this problem. Utica College is growing, and MVTI now is bursting at the seams and soon is to have a new and greatly enlarged home.’
Lurie commended the Board of Supervisors ‘upon the constructive and cooperative viewpoint expressed toward the construction of the greatly needed MVTI.’ He also stressed the urgency of the situation and urged supervisors to join with other public minded citizens in taking whatever action is necessary ‘immediately to authorize the funds necessary to gt the MVTI building program underway on the fine site selected in our city.’…”

(Jan 17, 1957, Utica Newspapers editorial) – “MVTI Plan Given Unanimous Backing – The 47 members of the Oneida County Board of Supervisors present at yesterday afternoon’s board meeting gave a unanimous vote for advancing Mohawk Valley Technical Institute.
The board thus mirrored public sentiment as displayed in recent weeks to finance and to get ahead with the 3.5 million dollar building program to house the school on 80 acres on the Armory Drive site in East Utica.
This is another of the great forward strides of this community. The opening of new MVTI facilities will be of great advantage to students and citizens in general…”

(Jan. 17, 1957, Utica Daily Press) – “…47-0 Roll-Call Vote Sanctions Armory Dr. Site – Steps toward construction of a permanent new campus for Mohawk Valley Technical Institute on the Sherman-Armory Drive tract in Utica were taken yesterday when the Board of Supervisors, by a unanimous 47-0 roll-call vote, sanctioned the $3,500,000 program.
This unified action came at a meeting of the board at which Dr. Lawrence L. Jarvie of the State University, Cyril Statt and Albert V. Payne of MVTI and Kenneth Baird, architect, explained the program with models and sketches.
Although there is nothing in the resolution which authorizes receiving bids for construction of the new campus, it contains necessary steps to that end.
It clears the way for a bond issue and receiving of bids, both expected to be presented at the next meeting Feb. 11.
The board yesterday:
1. Accepted the preliminary plans and estimates of the Associated Architects.
2. Authorized Board Chairman Harold V. Kirch to enter into agreement with architects for making specific plans, specifications and landscaping.
3. Authorized Kirch to purchase five lots on Sherman Drive, adjoining 80 acres donated by the City of Utica, for $20,500.
4. Authorized County Attorney Pirnie Pritchard to contract with a title insurance company for covering the cost of buildings and land.
5. Authorized Kirch to submit in behalf of county, a cost program which will cover buildings at an estimated $3,500,000, plus cost of land acquisition at $260,000, and architect’s fees, to the state to obtain reimbursement.
6. Authorized the law firm of Vandewater, Sykes, Heckler and Galloway of New York, to be retained as bonding attorneys for the sale of bonds necessary for construction.
Dr. Jarvie pointed out the MVTI project is included in the state’s budget for the next fiscal year. He said present plans call for utilization of about 25 per cent of the more than 80 acres. He added:
‘The state would not have approved the site unless it had potential for expansion. The Armory Drive site has met requirements.”
Final architect’s plans and specifications will include an academic building, student union and gymnasium. No dormitories are planned at the present time, nor are athletic fields.
All the moves are subject to approval by Community College Committee of the Board of Supervisors and the Board of Trustees of MVTI. In some instances approval is required from the state.
The roll call vote was requested by Minority Leader Samuel D. Vatalaro, (D-Utica). A continuous “Yes” 47 times followed when the roll was called by Clerk William D. Rohl.
Walter D. McIncrow, (D-Fourth Ward) and chairman of the Oneida County Democratic Committee had this to say: ‘I am very pleased by the unanimous showing on the part of supervisors for allowing the MVTI Trustees to make the arrangements to have the new location and permanent buildings erected so that the much needed technical and engineering personnel can soon be provided by the training offered students who will be attending MVTI.’
‘Students furthering their educational requirements at MVTI,’ he continued, ‘will provide our county with capable and qualified persons to fill the tremendous need, particularly in the engineering field in the Greater Utica area, by our fast growing industrial development so necessary to the growth of our area.’
Questions and answers provided the brief discussion. G. Carl Morse, (D-Vienna), was informed the estimates did not include athletic facilities, and that no estimates have been made for such installations.
‘Will the state participate, if athletic facilities are installed in the future?’ Morse asked.
‘Yes,’ said chairman Herold A. Mayer of the Community College Committee and Payne, president of MVTI.
“Has any estimate been made as to the cost of individual dormitories?’ Morse asked.
‘No,’ replied Mayer.
‘Funds would be made available by the New York State Dormitory Authority,’ Payne said, ‘and would be constructed at no cost to the county. The cost of construction would be amortized in form of rent from students.’
Nicholas Vatalaro, (R-Utica), commended the MVTI Trustees for the work done by the group.
Leo Augustyn, (R-Whitestown), commented on the price being paid for the Sherman Drive lots, pointing out that the original asking price was $40,000. ‘The committee, or someone, made pretty good progress during the past week or so,’ he said, ‘because the price has come down to $20,500.’
Preliminary plans call for an Academic Building 325 by 225 feet to cost $1,813,300. It will be a square structure, two stories with a court in the center.
The Student Union building would be 160 by 112 feet, one story and would cost $615,797. The gymnasium would be 100 by 160 feet and would be used for athletic purposes and meeting place for the school for necessary functions. It would cost $674,250.”

(March 13, 1957, Utica Daily Press) – “PLAN TO LET MVTI BIDS IN SUMMER – ‘..Sooner The Better,’ Kirch Says – Chairman of the Oneida County Board of Supervisors Harold V. Kirch said he expects to sign the contract which would start architects working on specifications and final drawings for the new Mohawk Valley Technical Institute campus today or tomorrow.
It is hoped, Kirch said, that bids for the $3,500,000 campus can be let this summer.
‘The sooner we can get started the better,’ he said.
The Board of Supervisors voted 47-0 to approve construction of the new campus on a state-approved Armory-Sherman Drive site in Utica on January 16. The 80-acre campus site was donated by the City of Utica. The supervisors purchased five lots on Sherman Drive, bordering the donated site, for $20,500, to complete the campus plot.
Edward D. Stone, New York City, will collaborate with Bice & Baird, Utica architects, in designing buildings for the new campus. The law firm of Vandewater, Sykes, Heckler and Galloway, of New York, will be bonding attorneys for sale of bonds necessary for construction. The same firm was bond attorneys which recently sold $2,230,000 in school construction bonds.
The county share of the new campus, which is tentatively figures to cost $3,419,182 is $1,600,000.
The State University Board of Trustees matches money expended by the local sponsor, in this case, Oneida County, in expansion of community colleges.
The State University Board of Trustees, in announcing details of a five-year $250,000,000 statewide construction program yesterday, said they expect about $55,000,000 as the state share for community college expansion during the period on their 11 existing colleges, one of them MVTI.
MVTI President Albert V. Payne said that the state’s share of the new campus was not included in the $55,000,000 total, however, as the new campus has already received approval and money for it has been allocated.
Payne said MVTI had ‘no plans at present’ to apply for any of the $55,000,000….”

In April 1957, State Education Law was amended to permit community colleges to introduce university-parallel programs. This included the Institute at Utica, other Institutes at Binghamton, Troy, Erie County, and New York City and Westchester Community Colleges. The Binghamton, Buffalo, New York City and Utica schools were established originally as temporary experimental institutes and became community colleges in 1953. The Hudson Valley Institute was set up in 1953 and replaced a veterans vocational school. In an editorial, the Daily Press on December 31st, 1957, the Daily Press expressed concern about a possible negative impact on Utica College if liberal arts courses were to be offered at MVTI. (The first at MVCC would come in 1960, Engineering Physics, later known as Engineering Science.)

In December 1957, a Daily Press editorial made reference to a proposal to place the new MVTI campus in Oriskany, rather than in Utica, and called this “disturbing.”

(January 24, 1958, Utica Daily Press) – “Carlson Quits Presidency of N.Y. State University – Dr. William S. Carlson resigned yesterday as president of the State University because of what he called ‘differences’ with the university’s board of trustees.
Carlson said he was stepping aside voluntarily. His resignation will be effective on Sept. 1 but the board, at his request, granted him a leave of absence until then.
An announcement from the board said Carlson’s resignation was accepted ‘with regret.’
(Utica Public Safety Commissioner Boyd E. Golder, a trustee of the State University, declined comment last night on Carlson’s resignation.)
Carlson said in a statement, ‘I am voluntarily resigning my position as president because it appears to me that there are differences between the board of trustees and myself on the future of the State University of New York.’
Carlson was reprimanded privately by the board last month for backing a controversial report that advocated a central campus for the university, whoch now consists of 42 scattered units.
Gov. Harriman, asked for comment, said, ‘this is a matter entirely between the trustees and President Carlson. I have always had pleasant personal relations with Dr. Carlson and I regret his resignation.’
The University trustees emphatically rejected the plan after it was denounced by chancellor John F. Brosnan of the State Board of Regents as ‘unrealistic, unwarranted and unsound.’…
The report was made by Dr. Theodore C. Blegen, dean of the University of Minnesota’s Graduate School, who studies the state’s university structure at the request of the State University’s research foundation, headed by Carlson.
Release of the Blegen report in November caught most state education officials by surprise.”

(June 25, 1958, Utica Observer-Dispatch) – “MVTI Work Waits Ruling – A Court of Appeals decision expected late today in Albany will determine whether work can be started on construction of new buildings for the Mohawk Valley Technical Institute.
The Oneida County Board of Supervisors has already authorized the advertising of bids on the contract for the $3,500,000 campus project. That action has been postponed, however, pending the court decision on an action on which a group of Rensselaer County taxpayers are contesting the right of a county to spend funds for such a purpose.
In authorizing the bids early this year, the supervisors provided in their resolution that they be advertised at a time to be designated by County Attorney Pirnie Pritchard.
Pritchard has been awaiting the decision in an appeal made by the Rensselaer taxpayers group against a Supreme Court decision which held that the use of county funds to build a similar institute in that county is a proper one.
The taxpayers contend that it is illegal because the institute will be attended by students from outside the county and that county funds cannot be used to provide facilities for their benefit.
Rensselaer County has argued that the arrangement is a reciprocal one, and that students from that county attend such institutes in other counties and that expenditures of county funds is legal.
The arguments were heard in the Court of Appeals some time ago, and the decision is being watched by several other counties which have plans for such institutes.
Members of the Building Trades Assembly have since asked the supervisors to begin work on the project as a means of alleviating unemployment in the Utica area.
The county would pay $1,600,000 as its share of the costs of construction here, with the state paying the balance in aid funds.
The state has already approved the site for erection of the new buildings at Armory and Sherman Drives and the architect’s plans were completed some time ago.”

(June 26, 1958, Utica Observer-Dispatch) – “Way Open to MVTI Campus, Payne Says, Hails Ruling – The president of Mohawk Valley Technical Institute today hailed a Court of Appeals decision upholding the constitutionality of the state’s Community College Law as clearing the path for MVTI’s new campus.
Albert V. Payne declared the decision means that broadened programs and a potential enrollment nearly double the present one are assured for MVTI.
The court decision of yesterday gave the go-ahead signal for expansion plans of community colleges throughout the state. Validity of the law had been questioned in a taxpayers’ action which sought to prevent the Rensselaer County Board of Supervisors from building a new campus for Hudson Valley Technical Institute.
Payne’s statement today:
‘We are, of course, pleased with the decision of the Court of Appeals. We hope it won’t be long before we will be able to move to our new campus. Our need for additional facilities is great.
Thus far, we have a registration of more than 700 potential students. We will only be able to accept 400 of these youngsters simply because we do not have the room for more. The added facilities will also enable us to offer more programs to the communities we serve.
At the present time, we can only offer six programs – mechanical, electrical, retail business management, banking, insurance and real estate, and advertising design and production. There are other educational needs to be met in the area, but we have not until now been able to develop programs because we lack the facilities.’
The Oneida County Board of Supervisors had already authorized the advertising of bids on the contract for the $3.5 million campus project in the Utica area. However, it was postponed pending the court decision on the Rensselaer County taxpayers action.
Focal point of the issue was a provision in the law under which the State and local government agencies share equally in the capital construction costs of community colleges. If the county spent money for the campus, the taxpayers group said, it would violate a constitutional provision against spending for other than ‘county purposes.’ It argued that the college was allowed to admit non-resident students from outside the county.
Yesterday’s decision by the state’s highest court upholds a Supreme Court decision.
In an opinion written by Judge Stanley H. Fuld, the court noted that the plaintiffs, the City and County Taxpayers Association, contend the system of financing the college is unconstitutional because it does not provide for apportionment of capital costs on the basis of the ratio of non-resident to resident students.
‘If the purpose sought to be achieved, the establishment and maintenance of a community college within county territory, is deemed a county purpose, then, it matters not that there is a possibility, or even a probability, that the student body may consist of more than one-half of individuals residing outside of the county,’ the opinion declares.
It adds: ‘The ownership and operation of public facilities serving the welfare of a municipality are not deprived of their municipal character because they may serve a larger interest as well.’
Gannett News Service in Albany reported the opinion further states:
‘The constitutional provision that no county shall contract any indebtedness except for county purposes, is aimed at prohibiting local indebtedness for expenditures which serve no local purpose. It does not and was not designed to enjoin a complete separation of local municipal interests from all others. The constitution may not be read to prevent provision for community colleges which will make their facilities fully useful by opening them to students who reside outside of the county. While there is, as here, a primary local interest, it is more than sufficient to support the propriety of the municipal purpose even though a larger state interest is served … and the courts do not insist upon precise measurement of the respective interests.’ ”

(June 28, 1958, Utica Newspapers) – “MVTI Expects to Advertise for Bids Next Week On Proposed $3.5 Million Armory Drive Campus - Bids are expected to be advertised next week for the $3.5 million Mohawk Valley Technical Institute buildings at its new campus at Sherman and Armory Drives, it was announced last night by Harold V. Kirch, chairman of the Oneida County Board of Supervisors.
County Attorney Pirnie Pritchard is studying the recent decision in the Rensselear County case which holds county funds may properly be spent for such a decision, but Pritchard has already been authorized to go ahead with the advertising as soon as that hurdle was cleared.
Kirch said it is hoped advertising may start Tuesday and they would be returnable Aug. 11 or 12, in time for the supervisors to authorize letting of the contract at their August meeting.
Three of the five proposed buildings would be constructed under the project now authorized. Construction would take about two years.
The buildings which would be erected are an academic building, student union and a gymnasium.
The academic building, under plans drawn by Edward D. Stone, New York, and Bice & Baird, Utica, associate architects, would be a hollow, rectangular shaped structure.
It will be 175 by 347 feet, and contain 1,206,000 cubic feet of space. Classrooms will face outward from the hollow rectangle, which facing inward on the court will be the laboratories and administrative offices and some other classrooms.
This two-story building will also have a cellar somewhat smaller than the entire structure.
The student union building will have two levels, built on an incline. The bottom level will be occupied for maintenance purposes while the second floor will provide room for a restaurant and space for social activities.
The gymnasium, with accommodations for both male and female students in separate sections, is also designed to serve as a meeting auditorium.
All buildings will be of steel and concrete construction and exterior facing will be of brick with limestone trim. Included in the contract are also plans for development and landscaping of about 40 acres of the 80-acre site, and the construction of an athletic field, tennis courts and parking facilities.
The student union building will be 123 by 172 feet, containing 475,000 cubic feet of space, and the gymnasium about 108 by 187 feet, with 512,000 cubic feet of space.
Also included in the architects’ plans but not provided for under the current project are two large rectangular dormitories to be constructed at some future date.”
(EDITOR’S NOTE: Early drawings showed these dormitories located between the quad and the Gym.)

September 19, 1958 – Groundbreaking ceremonies were held for the new MVTI campus. Dr. Lawrence L. Jarvie, State University; Harold V. Kirch, chairman of the Oneida County Board of Supervisors; Harry G. Converse, chairman of the Supervisors’ College Committee; Boyd Golder, SUNY Trustee and former Utica Mayor; Willis V. Daugherty, chairman of the Board of Trustees; Utica Mayor John T. McKennan, and Trustees Rudolph A. Schatzel and David Evans took part. Silent tribute was paid to J. David Hogue, former MVTI trustee and general manager of the Utica newspapers, who had died the previous week.
Payne’s comments:”The Mohawk Valley has throughout American history played an important and inspiring role in our country’s growth. Not the least of its achievements has been its leadership in the area of higher education. In this valley and the neighboring regions lie some of the great halls of learning; Colgate, Union, Cornell, Utica College, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Hamilton, and many others.
Each institution has its own particular objectives and character. Mohawk Valley Technical Institute, a two-year community college playing a specialized role in education, is proud to be their neighbor.
Keeping pace with its development as a cultural center is the Mohawk Valley’s dynamic growth as a vital technological area. The expanding and emerging economy of the valley needs education men and women to guide it. It was to meet these educational needs that MVTI first came into being.
Over the last dozen years MVTI has graduates over 1,600 young people. It has also educated several thousand men and women of all ages and all walks of life through its evening and extension division. Many who otherwise would never have had an opportunity to obtain college education have found the opportunity at MVTI. Thousands have been able to rise higher in their chosen fields and to lead richer and happier lives, because of the training…”
Daugherty’s comments: “The new MVTI campus will cost about 3 ½ million dollars. This cost will be shared equally by the county and the state. The annual rent for the two buildings this Institute now occupies is about $43,000. The savings to be realized by the college’s occupying its own home will help amortize the capital cost of the new campus.
As a community college the educational programs of MVTI have always been designed to meet the needs of the area, and it is because of this that the new campus is a sound investment. An expanded MVTI is a reflection of the valley’s need for more and better educational facilities. Our high school graduate population is doubling, and many of these boys and girls must be able to get their education here at home.
Oneida County and indeed the entire nation demands trained technicians, the vital link between skilled workers and management. Through training provided by professional educators oriented to business and industry, and through its Cooperative Work Education Program, and its Evening and Extension colleges. MVTI graduates young men and women capable of fulfilling their role and moving upward in their work….”
Kirch’s comments: ”Community colleges are located in the communities whose vocational and cultural needs they are specially designed to serve. They derive their strength from the community within which they exist, and they in turn enrich its life. One of their primary functions is to be sensitive to the educational needs of the communities in which they are rooted and to serve those needs.
The Mohawk Valley Technical Institute has fulfilled these functions admirably. The investment that Oneida County has made in MVTI and the young people in this area has been, and will continue to be, a wise and enduring one.”
Jarvie comments: “The State University of New York shares the enthusiasm of the trustees and administration of Mohawk Valley Technical Institute in the construction of a permanent home for the college. The new campus will be another achievement of the partnership between state and county which has brought about New York’s community colleges.
The Institute has been a pioneer in what is one of the most notable developments of our time; the genesis and growth of the two-year college. So rapid is that growth that by 1970 at least 50% of all college students will be attending two year colleges.
MVTI has provided an excellent collegiate program for its students. The new facilities will make possible an even better one. State University offers its assistance to Oneida’s County’s efforts in behalf of better college opportunities for its youth.”
McKenna statement: “Colleges are a vital asset to any community. We are doubly fortunate in having two colleges in our midst. Mohawk Valley Technical Institute, which is under the supervision of the State University of New York, brings a new concept of higher education to this area: the two-year college. The objectives of a two-year college are different from those of a four-year institution, but both offer students, employees, and the community vital and important benefits.
We are proud to welcome the new MVTI campus as a symbol of greater Utica.”
Comments from Joseph A. Page, City Manager, Rome: “We in Rome are delighted that MVTI is to have a new campus. Because it is a county sponsored college we feel an affinity with MVTI and its educational objectives. Many of our young people who have attended MVTI are now working and living in Rome.
It has been my observation that these young people have returned to us more mature and with a greater sense of civic responsibility. A Rome employer told me that the MVTI graduates that are working for him make an immediate contribution to his organization. There is less floundering around on their part and they seem to settle down faster.
I am sure that we will hear a good deal more from these MVTI graduates.”
Apparently City Planner Maxwell Levinson also spoke, but there is no record of his comments available to this editor.

In 1959, rent for the Country Day School and State Street locations totaled $42,000 annually. The College’s mailing address was P.O. Box 525. Its telephone number was Redwood 5-5201.

(November 6th, 1959 – bad weather forced postponement of cornerstone laying ceremonies for new campus)

November 16, 1959 – Cornerstone laying ceremonies for Utica Campus (Also see chapter on “Buildings”) – (Paraphrased from Utica Observer-Dispatch Nov 17, 1959)
Remarks by Congressman Alexander Pirnie. Mike Smith, a senior and president of the Student Government Council, participated in setting the stone with President Albert V. Payne, Rep. Alexander Pirnie, Lawrence L. Jarvie, executive dean of institutes and community colleges, State University of New York, Boyd Golder, a State University trustee, and Willis V. Daugherty, chairman of the college’s board of trustees.
About 150 watched the ceremonies, including Harold Kirch, chairman of the Board of Supervisors, Harry Converse and members of the community college committee of the board of supervisors, former Congressman William Williams and members of the MVTI board of trustees.
Pirnie was the keynoter. He told the audience that a campus is a symbol of quiet strength and latent power. (see 1959, under “Buildings” for text of the Congressman’s remarks.)
“From these halls will come a great contribution to our community life. This institution which has demonstrated its worth in adversity will have the poise and vision to gain greater heights in these vastly improved surroundings. Supported by government but not dominated by it, this college belongs to the community,” he said.
Pirnie said the campus represents solid support from parents to a community program which has given their children purposeful education at a very reasonable cost.
“In the light of the heavy expense incident to most collegiate programs, it is very heartening to a parent to know that such excellent instruction is available right in our midst at a modest rate,” he said.
He paid tribute to the governmental units who teamed up to develop MVTI. “We are proud of the vision and determination of the Board of Supervisors of Oneida County and the State of New York which has consistently supported the many steps necessary to achieve this accomplishment,” he said.
He also paid tribute to Payne and the faculty and said, “There is no more appropriate way in which we could express our approval of their efforts than by giving them the tools with which to work.”
Jarvie paid tribute to the Board of Supervisors, the trustees of the college and the community for its foresight and wisdom in building the new multi-million (dollar) campus to serve the needs of Oneida County and Central New York. The college is sponsored by Oneida County and its academic programs are supervised by the State University.
Golder discussed the importance of community colleges. He told the audience that in the 46 units of the State University there are 18 community colleges with an enrollment of more than 10,000 students. He traced the development and growth of the university which now has more than 42,000 full-time students.
President Payne said that while bricks and mortar make up the physical plan of the college it is the dedicated spirit of the faculty and the inquiring mind of the students that give it strength and purpose.
He said that the formation of the new campus represents the fruitful collaboration of the State University, Oneida County and the community.
The new campus is on a 78-acre tract which is bordered by Sherman Drive, Armory Drive and the Parkway. It will include an academic building, a student union and a gymnasium.

In 1960, the College received initial accreditation from the Middle States Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools.

In 1960, the present main campus was opened on Sherman Drive in Utica, replacing the
State Street and Genesee Street sites. The campus was designed by world famous architect Edward Durell Stone, his first attempt at designing a college campus. (Among other achievements, Stone had designed the American pavilion at the Brussels World’s Fair. He also designed the Kennedy Performing Arts Center in Washington, the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, the American Embassy in New Delhi, India, and SUNY Albany, the original section of the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the General Motors Building in New York, the El Panama Hotel in Panama City, the Huntington Hartford Gallery of Modern Art in New York City, National Geographic Society in Washington, North Carolina State Legislative Building, Standard Oil of Indiana Building in Chicago, and the Garden State Arts Center in Holmdel, NJ. He was born in Fayetteville, Arkansas in 1902, but lived as an adult in New York City, at 130 East 64th Street, and had his office at 745 Fifth Avenue. Did not receive a college degree until his later years, although he studied architecture at the University of Arkansas, Harvard University and MIT. Was influenced by Frank Lloyd Wright, especially in terms of horizontal lines and large room overhangs. He also designed a home in Old Westbury, NY, for A. Conger Goodyear, an apartment complex at the University of Arkansas – slated for razing in 2005, and a building at 2 Columbus Circle in New York City, which later became home to NYC Cultural Affairs Dept., then stood vacant, purchased in 2005 by the Museum of Arts & Design, aka American Craft Museum, and slated for redesign, in a controversial move. He died in October 1979.)

Stone initially wanted to use white brick on all buildings, similar to the design at SUNY Albany. However, construction costs required he use of red brick on the three original buildings, although white brick was used on Payne Hall.

Initial construction included the Academic Building, Physical Education Building and College Center. (All have undergone substantial renovation and expansion since original construction.) Enrollment in 1960 included 786 full-time students, 1,175 part-time students. Also in 1960, MVTI received accreditation from the Middle States Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools. The cost of construction for the new campus was put at $3.5 million.

(February 1960 – Utica Newspapers) – “Notre Dame to Open Early – New Catholic School To Occupy MVTI Space – Because one area school is moving to new quarters, another will be able to convene a year ahead of schedule.
The cooperative arrangement is between the new Notre Dame Catholic High School for boys and Mohawk Valley Technical Institute.
The new Utica parochial school will start classes this September in facilities now being used by MVTI. This setup will be in operation only until September 1961, when the new $1.2 million Catholic high school building is completed.
Meantime, MVTI will vacate its present quarters and move to its new site in East Utica in September….”

December 5, 1960 (Monday) – First time all classes at one location, on Sherman Drive. Industrial and technical departments moved from 751 State Street.

May 10, 1961 – The Oneida County Board of Supervisors voted 36-7 to change the County’s financial relationship with the College (“Plan C”). …
“The changes, sought by the board of trustees, brought MVTI in line with the financial structure of nine other of 13 upstate community colleges.
The vote followed a heated debate that prompted a mid-meeting caucus by members of both Democratic and Republican parties. Six dissenters were Democrats and one a Republican. But several others said they favored the move reluctantly.
Under the new arrangement. Monies for the college’s operating expenses and for its future capital expenditures will be turned over to the trustees for them to spend according to needs within the limitations prescribed by law. They or the college staff will do the college purchasing , perform the daily auditing, hire personnel, set and adjust salaries of teachers and administrative staff.
MVTI will make periodic audits, at least once a year, and report back to the board the results. Supervisors will also pass on the school’s annual budget…. (Trustee Thomas S. Kernan) said he did not consider MVTI ‘a county institution.’ He said the county contributed only about one-sixth of the school’s operating budget. He said the state permitted three types of financial relationships between counties and community colleges, which it did not do with respect to other county institutions.
In doing this, he said the legislature had ‘recognized that we are different.’ “
(paraphrased and quoted from Utica Daily Press May 11, 1961)

On Friday, May 19, 1961, the MVTI $4.5 million campus was dedicated. According to a General Electric publication of the time, one of the principle speakers was Clarence H. Linder, vice president and group executive, Electric Utility Group of the General Electric Company. His topic was: “Education for Change,” and he pointed out the key role education was playing in the “great transition” then taking place in both the domestic and world economies. Many General Electric employees were either MVTI students or graduates. Many others were employed as part-time instructors or served on advisory committees. A number of students were also employed there as co-operative education employees.

More detail on the dedication---
From 10:00 a.m. to 11:15 a.m., at the Gymnasium Building, the ceremony included:
The Star Spangled Banner
Invocation…..Rabbi Elliott D. Waldman, Temple Emanu-El Welcome….Albert V. Payne, President, Mohawk Valley Technical Institute
Introduction of Speakers…Willis V. Daugherty, Chairman of the MVTI Board of Trustees
Rudolph A. Schatzel, Member, MVTI Board of Trustees
Harold V. Kirch, Chairman, Oneida County Board of Supervisors
Paul B. Orvis, Executive Dean of the State University of New York
Frank M. Dulan, Mayor of Utica
Charles T. Lanigan, Mayor of Rome
Seymour Eskow, MVTI Dean of Instruction
Alex Potenza, President, MVTI Student Government Council
John S. Bradley, Alumni Representative (member of first graduating class in 1948)
Principal Dedication Address….Boyd E. Golder, Member, SUNY Board of Trustees, former Utica Mayor
Closing Remarks…Albert V. Payne

Architect Edward Durell Stone also attended and spoke.

Following the ceremony, faculty conducted guests on a tour of the Academic Building. A luncheon followed at noon in the Student Union Building.

An Educational Symposium took place from 2:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. in the Gymnasium. The title of the Symposium was “Higher Education in New York State – The Challenge of the Years Ahead”
Chairman…. Dr. Robert W. McEwen, President of Hamilton College
Dr. Elbert K. Fretwell, Jr., Assistant Commissioner for Higher Education, The University of the State of New York, the State Education Department
Dr. Carter Davidson, President of Union College
Dr. Thomas H. Hamilton, President of the State University of New York

More tours by faculty at 5:00 p.m. A banquet attended by 250 took place at 7:00 p.m., in the Student Union Building. The evening’s program included:
Invocation…The Rt. Rev. Msgr. Joseph L. May, Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic Church
Introduction of Speakers….Albert V. Payne
Edward Durell Stone, Architect
Clarence H. Linder, Vice President and Group Executive, Electric Utility Group, General Electric Company, New York
Benediction…The Rev. M. Jack Takayanagi, South Church, United Church of Christ

An open house followed on May 20th and 21st.

(October 27, 1961, Utica Observer-Dispatch) – “Utica Mutual Razing Old Day School Bldg. – The 40-year-old school building on Genesee St., New Hartford, until 1960 the home of Mohawk Valley Technical Institute and for one year the site of Notre Dame High School, is being taken down.
The owners of the building, Utica Mutual Insurance Co., will seed over the site and maintain it as a lawn until such time as it is needed for expansion of the company’s office.
Utica Mutual’s board of directors decided that the building could not be used any longer as a school building without extensive remodeling. Company officials said it failed to meet the minimum requirements of the State Education Department as an elementary school.
Since the new arterial cut off possible company expansion to the west the school site was the only remaining area for expansion, a spokesman said .
The building was erected in 1921 when Miss Knox’s School, of Cornelia St., Utica, purchased the 300 acre site from the Yahnundasis Golf Club.
The school, which had its origin in 1837 as Utica Female Academy, then became the coeducational Utica Country Day School.
In 1943 the school’s directors found its funds insufficient to continue, and Utica Mutual, which had taken over the mortgage from Hamilton College, foreclosed.
The building was occupied in 1946 by the Institute of Applied Arts and Sciences which became MVTI. That school moved to a new campus in 1960.
The following year Notre Dame High School occupied the building until its new building was built on Burrstone Rd., this year.” (Also see information in Buildings section)

(Utica Observer-Dispatch, October 31, 1962) – “Moldoff Proposes to Make MVTI a 4-Year State University School – Solomon Moldoff, Democratic candidate for Second District assemblyman, today outlined a plan to transform Mohawk Valley Technical Institute into a four-year ‘Mohawk University’ which would be part of the State University system….(Moldoff was running against Republican incumbent William S. Calli.)
Under Moldoff’s plan, ‘Mohawk University’ would eventually become a four-year institution with post-graduate programs in engineering, education and medicine. Also , there would be a school of optometry, for which he saw a ‘tremendous need.’ (Moldoff was an engineer at General Electric and resided at 1417 Buckley Road.)

November 14, 1962 – The Oneida County Board of Supervisors approved a name change from Mohawk Valley Technical Institute to Mohawk Valley Community College, effective January 1st, 1963. The proposal acted on by the Board, dated October 1962, read as follows:
“The Board of Trustees proposes to change the name of the college to the Mohawk Valley Community College. It is the belief of the Board that a) the new name describes more accurately the objectives of the college, and the range and caliber of its educational programs; and b) the new name will help the college in its continuing efforts to attract qualified students and faculty.
The following factors support this decision:
1. The name ‘institute’ was assigned first to the agricultural and technical institutes during the 1930’s, and to our institution and the four other experimental institutions during the 1940’s. We no longer operate under the legislation which named us ‘institutes,’ but under the Community College Law of 1950. All of the two-year colleges which have been created under the Community College Law use the name ‘college.’ Of the five experimental institutions, only Mohawk and Erie retain the term ‘institute;’ the institutions at Brooklyn, White Plains, and Broome are now called ‘college.’ The unit at Hudson Valley is now the Hudson Valley Community College rather than the Hudson Valley Technical Institute. We are confident that the same changes of objectives and curricular patterns which caused these institutions to adopt the term ‘college’ apply to our institution.
2. In some quarters the term ‘technical institute’ has come to be identified with an institution that places little emphasis on mathematics and science, provides little or no academic work in general education, and admits all or most applicants regardless of ability. We are not an institution of this kind, and we believe that our name should indicate this clearly.
3. Our college has been accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools. In the opinion of the accrediting association which studies the institutions of higher learning in the State of New York, our institution is of collegiate caliber.
4. Those high school students who have been taught to believe that a technical institute is of less-than-college grade do not apply to our college for this reason.
5. The name ‘technical institute’ cannot by any interpretation be judged adequate to describe our present programs. Our Engineering Science Program, for example, provides the first two years of engineering education for students who then transfer to the junior year of a four-year college or university. Such a program is not a ‘technical institute’ program.
6. Many college teachers share the view that a technical institute is of less-than-college grade, and therefore do not consider a teaching career in such an institution appropriate.
7. An increasing proportion of our graduates are continuing their college work at senior colleges throughout our state and nation. They should find it easier to transfer, and should receive more transfer credit, if our name is changed.
8. The United States Office of Education does not include technical institute enrollments in its statistics on higher education. It is conceivable the term ‘technical institute’ will disqualify us from participation in certain benefits now being proposed under federal legislation.
The Board of Trustees is convinced, therefore, that the proposed change of name will enhance the prestige of the college, and thus help it to expand and improve its services to the people of the county and the State of New York.”

(Dec. 28, 1962, Utica Daily Press)
“Control of Mohawk Valley Technical Institute’s pursestrings will go from the Institute’s trustees to the Board of Supervisors (on Tuesday) as a result of action taken by the supervisors yesterday.
The supervisors defeated a resolution that would have left fiscal control with the trustees. Twenty Republicans and two Democrats voted for it but 26 votes were needed for passage. Fifteen Democrats and three Republicans voted against the resolution.
(County Executive-elect Charles T. Lanigan had urged that fiscal control of MVTI be left with the trustees.) …
The Trustees have control as a result of a May 10, 1961, resolution passed by the supervisors. The State Education Law permits boards of supervisors to put community colleges under one of three fiscal plans, known as Plan A, B and C.
Plan C gives complete control of money matters to the college’s Board of Trustees. This is the plan MVTI was put under by the 1961 resolution.
But the new county charter repealed this resolution. By doing so it automatically returned MVTI to Plan A, under which the supervisors have complete control of the college’s money matters…
Despite the fact that the charter repealed the 1961 resolution, John P. Balio, county attorney, and other attorneys said the supervisors could pass another resolution similar to the 1961 resolution.
By doing so the supervisors again could put MVTI under Plan C, they said. The resolution introduced yesterday by Supervisor Robert J. Griffiths (R-Utica), chairman of the Community College Committee, would have done that.
After introducing the resolution, Griffiths said Paxton Blair, state solicitor general, had given an opinion which agreed with Balio’s.

(Dec. 29, 1962, Utica Observer-Dispatch)
“Board of Supervisors Chairman Gilbert D. Pierce said today he would be willing to go to court, if necessary, in an attempt to keep financial control of Mohawk Valley Technical Institute in the hands of the college’s board of trustees.
This possibility of court action was raised last night by a spokesman for the state attorney general’s office after an opinion that the Board of Supervisors could not take monetary control away from the trustees.
The spokesman said a court decision would be the ‘best way’ to settle the question of control of the college.
Pierce said a resolution to return control of the institute to the trustees under the county charter had been defeated by ‘selfish interests.’
He said: ‘In my opinion, the board of trustees has done a wonderful job and they should continue to have control.’
Mrs. Roger Coon, an assistant attorney general, said last night it was she who prepared an opinion that the control should stay with the trustees.
The opinion in letter form was signed by Paxton Blair, solicitor general, and submitted to Rudolph A. Schatzel, chairman of MVTI’s Board of Trustees.
But Blair said last night, ‘I did not prepare the opinion. It was prepared by Mrs. Coon,. She is a very able assistant. She made an analysis of the statutes and I took responsibility for her opinion.’
John P. Balio, county attorney, has said that fiscal control of MVTI would be in the hands of the Board of Supervisors after Jan. 1 unless the board passed a resolution to leave the control with the board of trustees….
The question came up because of a section in the new county charter.
The State Education Law gives the Board of Supervisors the right to put MVTI under one of three fiscal plans, known as Plans A, B and C.
Under Plan C, the trustees have complete control of the Institute’s money matters. In May of last year the Board of Supervisors passed a resolution putting MVTI under this plan, effective Jan. 1 of this year.
But in November of last year the new county charter was approved by the voters of the county. A section of the charter stated that the 1961 resolution putting MVTI under Plan C ‘is hereby repealed.’
In her opinion, Mrs. Coon said the authority given the Board of Supervisors by the Education Law ‘could not be restricted or contravened by the provisions of the county charter.’
Mrs. Coon also said, ‘I don’t think the Board of Trustees is bound by the opinion of the county attorney nor is the Board of Supervisors bound by our opinion. Our opinion was strictly informal. I think the only binding opinion is one given by a court. A court decision would probably be the best solution anyway.’
Paxton also said the opinion was informal. But he said if the Board of Supervisors should disregard it, ‘There is likely to be court action.’
Mrs. Coon said the trustees could bring a court action.”

On January 1, 1963, the College again changed its name, to Mohawk Valley Community College, to reflect the availability of a growing array of non-technical degree programs. (In November, 1963, students protested and circulated petitions against the name change from MVTI.)

(January 8, 1963, Utica Daily Press) – “Supervisors, MVCC Compromise – A ‘stop-gap, temporary agreement’ for the operation of the financial affairs of Mohawk Valley Community College was worked out at a meeting of county and college officials yesterday, County Executive Charles T. Lanigan said.
Lanigan said the agreement was reached at a meeting in his office. The meeting was closed to news media but Lanigan said Rudolph A. Schatzel, Charles W. Hall and Attorney Thomas S. Kernan represented the college.
Schatzel is chairman of the college’s Board of Trustees. Hall and Kernan are board members.
Representing the county besides himself, Lanigan said, were Gilbert D. Pierce, chairman of the Board of Supervisors, Comptroller Frank W. Donalty, and Howard D. Seld, assistant county attorney.
The meeting was necessary because no one knows for sure whether the supervisors or the trustees should have control of MVCC’s purse strings.
An assistant attorney general gave an informal opinion to the effect that the trustees have control. But John P. Balio gave an opinion to the effect that control returned to the supervisors Jan. 1.
Balio was county attorney when he gave the opinion. Whether he is now is another question to which there is no sure answer.
Lanigan put himself in charge of the Law Department Jan. 2 and said that Balio’s term as county attorney ended that day.
But Balio maintains he still is county attorney. He said he would be until Lanigan appointed someone else. This is so, Balio said, because the charter requires the head of the Law Department to be an attorney. Lanigan is not. Seld’s status as assistant county attorney also has been questioned by Balio. Seld was assistant county attorney under Balio.
After Lanigan put himself in charge of the Law Department he appointed Seld an assistant county attorney on a temporary basis. Lanigan said he did this so Seld could continue on the payroll without interruption. Lanigan said he wanted to name Seld county attorney.
Balio said no one by the county attorney could appoint assistant county attorneys.
Lanigan has indicated he does not want to appoint Seld county attorney until he is sure the appointment will be approved by the Board of Supervisors….”

(Jan. 8, 1963, Utica Observer-Dispatch) – “MVCC, Board Reach Fiscal Agreement – Mohawk Valley Community College will share control of its purse strings with the county under a temporary agreement reached yesterday by county and college officials.
The college, which seeks to retain control of its finances, faces the legal question of whether it can do so under the new county charter that went into effect Jan. 1.
County Executive Charles T. Lanigan said details of yesterday’s agreement were being ‘jointly arranged.’
Basically, the plan calls for a distribution of fiscal control between the school’s Board of Trustees, the Board of Supervisors, the county comptroller and the county executive.
The charter calls for the trustees to relinquish their control to the county.
Subsequently, the state attorney general’s office gave MVCC an informal opinion to the effect that the charter could not divest the school of its fiscal autonomy.
Lanigan termed yesterday’s agreement as ‘a stop-gap measure to keep the wheels turning.’ Attempts were continuing to ‘determine what permanent steps should be taken to resolve the legal technicalities,’ he said.”

During 1964, the Munro Building, 721-751 State Street, former home of the Technical Division was demolished as part of the West Utica urban renewal project. In its later years the building had housed several printing firms.

(Oct. 24, 1964, Utica Daily Press) – “MVCC Case Historic – County or College? Court Ruling to Tell Who’s Boss by David H. Beetle, Press Albany Bureau – At stake in a legal tangle involving Oneida County, the state university, and the Mohawk Valley Community College at Utica is a basic decision as to where actual administrative control of a community college should rest.
The issue came into being when the new county charter leaned in the direction of making the college’s board of trustees more of an advisory and less of an operating or policy agency.
Alternatives tend to place controls with county executives or boards of supervisors although the state law specifically affirms colleges should be ‘administered’ by their boards.
Going into details the law also provides that a community college shall operate under one of three fiscal plans as the sponsoring agency’s legislative body may determine.
Of these, plan A gives the legislative body (usually county supervisors) full authority over detailed expenditures while plan C in practice normally allows boards of trustees more fiscal leeway in apportioning lump sums. There’s also plan B – a hybrid no one uses.
Paul B. Orvis, executive dean of community colleges, definitely prefers plan C in that it allows the educators more autonomy.
This preference is certainly in line with a statewide tradition to free education of municipal and political entanglements.
At least one reason that this seems desirable is that professors and teachers are often hired outside the merit service system on the theory that since politics are not involved such safeguard isn’t needed.
At present nine upstate community colleges (among them Broome, Rockland and Westchester) are on plan A while 12 others (including Corning, Dutchess, Monroe, Utica, Niagara, Troy, Auburn) are on plan C.
The Utica situation seems to be the first in which a county charter has been so worded or, at least interpreted, that the community college is, in effect, foreclosed from continuing on or electing plan C.
At present, the state, the Utica college, and Oneida County are awaiting a decision from the Appelate Division, Fourth Department, Rochester, determining whether such foreclosure is legal.
The state and college contend the state law transcends any charter provision.
If the state and the college win their fight they will head off any effort through future charter provisions or interpretations to deprive colleges from using a plan which they believe makes for better education.
Even if one disagrees with the educators and feels that community colleges are better administered by boards of supervisors or their county executives than by their own boards of trustees, there would seem to be no reason why the three options shouldn’t remain available everywhere.
Community colleges everywhere across the state must want this choice preserved.”

(Dec 8, 1964, Utica Daily Press) – “The state’s second highest court has ruled that Oneida County’s charter has no right to divest Mohawk Valley Community College of its fiscal autonomy.
The Appellate Division, 4th Department, Rochester, also held that the appointive power of five members of the nine member MVCC Board of Trustees rests with the county executive, subject to Board of Supervisors’ approval.
Of statewide significance, the precedent opinion can be viewed as strengthening the positions of other community colleges, whose finances are directly controlled by boards of supervisors
County Executive Charles T. Lanigan and Dr. Albert V. Payne, MVCC president… said they were very satisfied with the court opinion….
Lanigan said the county, the state and MVCC had sought the court’s opinion to clarify legal implications governing MVCC’s fiscal autonomy under the charter.
Specifically, the court ruled that the county charter (which took effect January 1, 1963) did not repeal a resolution adopted by the Board of Supervisors giving MVCC a certain degree of fiscal autonomy.
This resolution, passed May 10, 1961, put MVCC under what is known as Plan C, which gave the college trustees control of finances once the supervisors approved MVCC’s budget.
A provision in the charter stated that the resolution was repealed and that financial control would rest with the supervisors.
When the charter took effect, MVCC had been operating under a modified Plan C. The school has had control of spending, but purchasing has been done through the county.

Lanigan and Dr. Payne added, however, that the Board of Supervisors still had the right to repeal the 1961 resolution if its chooses and place the school under Plans A or B, which give the supervisors full or part control over finances, respectively.
Now MVCC can get a lump sum budget and spend the money from the county as it sees fit. The school also will be able to spend capital fund money without board approval once the total has been okayed.
The Court’s second opinion concerned a charter provision that transferred the appointive power on the MVCC trustees to the county executive. This power had been held by the supervisors.
The court has held the charter provision as ‘valid and effective.’
Now Lanigan can name five members to the trustees board with ratification by the supervisors. The governor appoints the other four members.
The opinion was handed up by Justice Frank Del Vecchio, Syracuse (on December 3rd). The other four justices, including Justice Earle C. Bastow, Utica, concurred.

In 1966, dormitories were added, housing a total of about 330 students.

In 1968, Dr. W. Stewart Tosh was named president. He had been vice president for administration at SUNY Oswego.

In 1969, Payne Hall was completed, with a library, three auditoriums, biology laboratories, faculty and administrative offices. The building was dedicated to Dr. Albert Payne, former president, in ceremonies held on Sept. 27, 1969. Speakers in the 11 a.m. ceremonies included Dr. W. Stewart Tosh, MVCC president, Rep. Alexander Pirnie, and County Executive Harry Daniels. Trustee Chairman Thomas Kernan dedicated the building.

On October 17th, 1969, Dr. Tosh was inaugurated as president (see “Administrators”).

In 1971, the College Center (later named the Alumni College Center) was expanded, adding meeting rooms, a new dining area, and a bookstore.

In 1974, Dr. George H. Robertson was named president, succeeding Dr. Tosh. He had been Dean of Faculty at Sir Sandford Fleming College, Peterboro, Ontario.

In 1975, the Continuing Education Division changed its name to the Community Services Division.

In 1976, the Physical Education Building was expanded, adding eight classrooms, a swimming pool, two handball-racquetball courts, a wrestling room, physical conditioning room and multi-purpose room.

In September 1977, the Board of Trustees initiated a year-long study of the college’s mission and a process to create a mission statement.

In 1978, the Faculty Student Association was renamed Auxiliary Services Corporation.

In 1979, the Community Services Division changed its name to the Center for Lifelong Learning & Community Services.

In 1981, the center courtyard of the Academic Building was filled in with new construction including classrooms and laboratories.

In 1982, the College changed its academic calendar from the quarter system to the semester system.

(Aug 14, 1985, Utica Daily Press) – “College Board of Trustees closes pub – Mohawk Valley Community College will close its student pub and ban consumption of alcoholic beverages in dormitories this fall.
The Board of Trustees voted yesterday to eliminate beer and wine sales at the college pub, which will be turned into a snack-and-coffee area, and in MVCC’s dorms.
President Michael Schafer said the ban was enacted in anticipation of the state’s new drinking law, which raises the legal age for drinking from 19 to 21 on Jan. 1.
Joseph DeBuvitz, director of MVCC’s Auxiliary Services Corp., said the pub had not been breaking even financially for at least the last two years.
DeBuvitz said the pub had been slightly in the red since the state raised the drinking age to 19 in 1982 because most MVCC students – who range from 17 to 19 years old – were no longer old enough to drink.
The pub was open Monday to Thursday for about three hours each evening, DeBuvitz said. It was closed on weekends because students didn’t patronize it, he said.
Trustees Chairman David Mathis said the alcohol ban was extended to the dormitories because of increased incidents of rowdiness and vandalism during the past year.
Two students were expelled last year for use of marijuana, but Mathis said most of the dormitory problems were associated with consumption of alcohol, chiefly beer.
The pub’s closing and the dormitory ban will come as a surprise to MVCC students, Mathis said. Although there was some discussion about closing the pub before the end of the spring term, MVCC student government leaders have not been informed of the decision, he said.
‘I feel totally comfortable with it,’ he said. ‘I supported raising the drinking age to 21 and there are a lot of little things that happened in the dormitories. It will definitely create a more positive atmosphere on the campus, although I doubt that the students will agree with that.’
MVCC decided to adopt the ban in advance of the new law because ‘it’s not a good idea to get students into the habit of drinking on campus between September and January,’ Schafer said.
Student representatives could not be reached last night for comment.”

(October 6, 1999, College news release) – “MVCC, Utica City School District, Announce ‘Millennium Project’ Partnership Proposal – Officials of Mohawk Valley Community College and the Utica City School District today announced a proposed innovative collaboration called the ‘Millennum Project.’
Jointly announcing the project today were Utica Board of Education President Philip Vanno, Jr., and MVCC Trustee Chairman N. Joseph Yagey. Also participating in a morning news conference at Proctor High School were Utica School Superintendent Daniel Lowengard, Proctor High School Principal Ronald Mancuso, and MVCC President Michael I. Schafer.
The MVCC Board of Trustees approved the ‘Millennium Project’ concept during a special meeting on September 22nd. The Utica School Board is scheduled to act on the proposal at its meeting on Tuesday, October 12th….
Major features of the proposed collaboration would include exploration and development of partnership projects including but not limited to:
- Extension of proposed new curricular ‘house focus areas’ at Proctor two years beyond high school into related programs at MVCC. This would include establishing teams of educators from both institutions in each focus area. The tentative house focus areas include Health Careers, Public Service, Entrepreneurism, and Science & Technology. Proctor students could choose to enroll in a combined diploma/degree program leading to an MVCC Associate degree in five or six years from the start of 9th grade.
- Continuation and possible expansion of the current ‘Bridge Program’ which allows qualified students at Proctor and other area high schools to take MVCC courses for both high school and college credit.
- Shared use of educational facilities. Examples:
ν Potential use of MVCC’s extensive engineering technologies laboratories by Proctor students for high school or MVCC lab experiences.
ν Potential shared use of performing and fine arts spaces on both campuses.
- Alternative education approaches for high school students who are not successful in the traditional high school setting.
- Shared programming and/or services in the fields of child care and early childhood education.
- Joint professional development opportunities for MVCC and Proctor faculty, possibly including a Saturday great teacher lecture series, co-teaching at both institutions, faculty mentoring, relocation of the Teacher Center to MVCC, and/or a partnership for guidance, counseling and other student services.
- Possibly linking of the two institutions via microwave/fiber optic technology to permit shared instruction.
- A shared state-of-the-art stadium with spectator seating capacity for more than 2,000, along with locker rooms, showers, laundry area, equipment storage, training room, meeting rooms, etc. The possibility of other shared athletic facilities, such as tennis courts or ice rink, would be explored as well.
- Creation of a shared staff position to ensure continuity of operations and maximum access to ‘Millennium Project’ activities.
- Utilization of MVCC’s ‘Ready, Set, College!’ program, a county-wide initiative introduced at MVCC during the summer, encouraging financially-eligible high school students who don’t see themselves as ‘college material,’ beginning in the 9th grade, to enter post secondary education.
- Creation of a ‘College Now’ program to serve at-risk high school seniors, a combination of enrichment and remedial instruction.
- Creation of a six-member Coordinating Policy Board, including two members of the Utica School Board, two members of the MVCC Board of Trustees, Utica School District Superintendent Daniel Lowengard, and MVCC President Michael Schafer. The Chair of the Oneida County Board of Legislators Education & Youth Committee would act as a non-voting liaison for Oneida County. The Coordinating Policy Board would be an advisory and recommending board to the Utica Board of Education and the MVCC Board of Trustees. …